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  • 10/6/2007

Tombs, Hamadan

tombs, hamadan

Alavian (Gonbad-e-Alavian)  Tomb, Hamadan 


 This four-sided structure houses the tombs of two of the members of the Alavian family, related to the Saljuqi period. The dome of this structure had been artistically worked with plaster, but through the ages is no more. The tombs are situated under the domed ceiling of the cellar, and worked in blue tiles. Externally, the structure has been decoratively inlaid with bricks placed in a diamond pattern. The remains of a beautiful inscription, also in embossed brick, written in the "kufic" script can be observed on the outer wall and columns. The entrance to this tomb is also worth attention. 

Avecina Tomb, Hamadan 


 "Avecina", or (Hojjat-ol-Haq Sheikh-ol-Rais Sharaf-ol-Molk Abu Ali Hossein Ebne Abdollah Ebne Sina), was the great philosopher, scholar, physician of Iran (370-428 AH.). This tomb is located in Bu Ali Sq. Hamadan. The present structure was constructed in the years 1946-1951 and since then has been repaired and renovated thrice. Located in an area of 3,090 sq. m. the area under foundation is 1,792 sq. m. The facade of the tomb is of hard stone. Three wide steps lead to the porch where there are ten stone columns. Each of these columns depict a century from the time of the birth of this great man upto date.


The wide wooden doors of the porch, open to reveal the interior with its stone walls and flooring. The main area is square in shape and the twelve base pillars supporting the tower of the tomb are situated here. The tomb of Avecina is between the tower and the tomb of his bosom friend "Abu Saied". On both these graves are marble tablets and inscriptions with nine lines in the "Sols" script. 

On two sides of this vicinity, are two halls, one a conference hall and the other a library. The tower of the tomb has been constructed with cement and pieces of hard stone. In the midst of the twelve panels of the tower, is a cubical bronze or "gun metal" chest conical at the top. On the four sides of which are engravings in the "Sols" script.  

In the year 1949, a portrait of Bu Ali was drawn by Master Abol Hassan Sadiqi, based on particulars obtained from records. In accordance with this portrait, the statue of Bu Ali Sina was sculptured in white marble and affixed in Bu Ali square of Hamadan. 

Baba Peer (No"man Ben Maqran) Tomb, Nahavand 

 The said tomb is located 8 km. north west of the township of Nahavand in the village of "Dehqan Qishlaq". Its foundation is on a natural rock. The structure is four-sided with a short, primitive porch, constructed with bricks. The height and width of the structure being 7m. and 5.8 m. respectively, and along with its dome, reaches a height of 9 m. Internally, the dome is octagonal, with arches of plaster. The ceiling of the dome is of brick and has been proportionately adorned.



Some believe that this is the resting abode of one of the commanders of Islam during the times of "Hazrat Ali" (A.S.) There is also another theory that this tomb belongs to one of the commanders who was killed in the battle of Nahavand. 

Baba Taher Oryan Tomb, Hamadan 

 This memorial is tomb of the great Gnostic and poet of the late 4th and early 5th centuries AH. The tomb is located on a hill in the north west of Hamadan. The structure was constructed in the years 1967-1970. This tomb is on the basis of an octagon. Eight pillars of the tower, stone slabs of the tomb and its base, together with the steps and the surrounding paved area, are all of sculptured granite.


 Baba Taher Oryan Tomb

The main structure is to the dimensions of 10m. x10 m. and has entrances along with light sutures. The facade and flooring of the structure is of stone, and inscriptions are worked with tiles. Within the internal area are 24 pieces of marble affixed, each having a verse from the poems of this reputed personality. 

baba taher


Dar Sheikh (Abol Abbas Nahavandi) Tomb, Nahavand 

 The above mentioned is situated in the ancient locality by the same name in the township of Nahavand. The said personality was a Gnostic of the 4th century AH. (a contemporary of Azaddodolleh Deylami). Externally, the structure is on a four-sided plan. The tomb stones present here, reveal that the current structure was constructed during the Qajar period.


Einol Qozat-e-Hamadani Tomb, Hamadan 


 Another famous personality of Hamadan province is Abdollah Ben Mohammad Mianji Hamadani. A great physician and gnostic of the 6th century AH. He was born in Hamadan in the year 492 AH. and devoted his youth in scholarly activities and gaining knowledge. Thereby, becoming a great teacher as well as a magistrate or judge of his times. He was brave as a judge and had no qualms about stating his beliefs. This characteristic of him, prompted Abol Qassem Dargizini to issue an order for his to be hanged in the year 525 AH. when he was 32 years old.

This personality was also a writer and poet. The lamenting versus composed by him are a part of Farsi (Persian) Literature today. 

Esteroo Mord Khay (Ester and Mord Khay) Tomb, Hamadan 


 Located in the city center, the structure has been constructed of brick and stone. This is the tomb of Ester the Queen of Shoosh (the wife of Khashayar Shah of Iran). Mordecai (Mord Khay) was her uncle. The structure was originally constructed about 11 centuries ago, by the Jewish community in order to pay homage to these two personalities. There is a probability that the current structure has been built on the original site in the 7th century AH.

On the two graves, valuable and antique chests have been affixed. Inscriptions embossed with plaster in the Hebrew script can be noted on the upper wall. This vicinity is a place for pilgrimage of the Jewish sect, and is also held in respect by the Moslems too. 

Hafez Abol Ala"  (Qorban Tower) Tomb, Hamadan 


 This tomb is located in the city of Hamadan near the Ebne Sina Junior School. This is the resting abode of "Sheikh-ol-Islam Hassan Ebne Attar Hafez Abol Ala" and a group of the commanders of the Saljuqi period. It was built in the 7th and 8th centuries AH., comprises of a brick tower with twelve sides and a brick pyramid shaped dome consisting of twelve (brick) panels.

The external part of the building is composed of arches of unique and spectacular design. In the center of the tower is a simple grave, the tomb-stone of which is related to the Safavid period. It is said, that a person by the name of "Qorban" constructed a trench in this area to safe-guard the people of this locality against the Afqan invasion. Thence the name of this tower. The Qorban tower is on record by The Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran.

Haj Seifoddoleh Tomb, Malayer 

 This tomb is in the vicinity of the park of Malayer. This was in the past, the private residence of Haj Seifoddoleh ( Soltan Mohammad Mirza Seifoddoleh, the grand-son of Fathali Shah). This estate and the surrounding lands belonged to Amir Mo"eed, the grand-son of Seifoddoleh, who was responsible for its construction. The vicinity of the tomb has four entrances, decoratively inlaid with bricks and with a domed shaped ceiling.


Mir Razieddin Artimany Tomb, Towiserkan 

 The tomb of Mohammad Razieddin Artimany, is located on a hill in the village of Artiman ( the township of Towiserkan). The facade of the structure is of brick, and has three tall arches. Behind these arches, there is an arched doorway with tile works. The structure is square in shape, with three chambers or rooms on each side externally. The mausoleum has four arched entrances, done in beautiful tile work on each side. Within the structure, the tomb has been made of hard stone.


Seyed Jamaleddin Asad Abadi Tomb, Asad Abad 

 A man of great repute, a contemplating social reformer of the east was born in the year 1254 AH. in Asad Abad, (Hamadan). He was poisoned to death in Turkey in 1314 AH. A memorial has been constructed at his residence in Asad Abad.

Other Tombs, Hamadan 

 Other tombs worth mentioning in the province are, the tomb of Qazvini (a Gnostic) and the tomb of Alexander in Hamadan.


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