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  • 3/1/2014

Bondar-Abad village

soltan-mahmoud-shah ancient complex

Bondar-Abad village lies 10 km northwest of the city of Ashkezar in Yazd Province. With an altitude of 1150 meters above sea level, it is an oasis located in a mostly-desert area which has a hot and dry weather in summers and is rather cool during winters. Residents of the village speak Persian with a Yazdi dialect, and are Shi'ite Muslims. Its economy is based on agricultural, horticulture, and animal husbandry. However, some of its people work in the handicraft fields such as carpet-weaving. Water needed for the farms are provided by deep wells; and the most important agricultural products of the village are wheat, barley, cucumber, water melon, and alfalfa. Also prevalent in the village is horticulture whose most important products are pomegranate and apricot. Bondar-Abad is one of the mostly-desert villages of the province of Yazd and has a dense residential texture. In the construction of the village's old residential buildings, adobe and clay were used, whereas the newer ones are built with materials such as brick, chalk, stone, iron, and cement. The architecture of the old texture of the village, in general, is very attractive and worth-seeing like that of Iran's other oasis villages. Using bricks in the façade of buildings, and beautiful tile works are among the architectural features of Bondar-Abad village. Local sources have said that this village used to be the trade center of the surrounding area. Bondar-Abad village is approximately 1500 years old and has numerous ancient monuments and buildings. From among these, mention could be made of the Soltan-Mahmoud-Shah ancient complex that consists of a hospice, a seminary, the Jaame' mosque, a traditional Qur'anic school and the mausoleum of a venerable descendant of the Prophet by the name of Seyyed Mir-Hossein.

The importance of Bondar-Abad village from the standpoint of history is mostly due to Sheikh Taqi-eddin-e Daadaa who was a famous learned person in Yazd in the 7th century Hijri. He established a hospice, a mausoleum, and a mosque in the village that turned into a center of gathering for his followers.

Bondar-Abad has many natural and historic tourist attractions, and therefore hosts many travellers during the year. The beautiful desert landscape of the village, the sand hills in its vicinity and the red and green pomegranate orchards go to show the magnificence of its nature. Also worth-seeing is the fine architecture of the rural houses made up of adobe, clay and brick.

One of the most significant monuments of the village is its Jaame' mosque that is located near the Shah-Soltan mausoleum and dates back to the 9th and 10th centuries of the Islamic lunar calendar. The dome, pulpit, and candelabra of this mosque are of architectural and historical value.

The Bondar-Abad mosque was built under the influence of other mosques of the 8th and 9th centuries Hijri. The dome is covered with a plain type of brick and its prayer niche is decorated with stuccos and a pulpit with Mo'arraq or embellished tile works. The shrine in the mausoleum dates back to the 6th century Hijri. Eye-catching stuccos, the prayer niche and its decorative tile works are some especial features of architecture of the Seljuqid era. Soltan Mahmoud-Shah was the son of Sheikh Taqi-eddin-e Daadaa who was one of the well-known mystics of the region. His mausoleum is adjacent to the wall of the Bondar-Abad mosque.

Zoor-khaneh or the gymnasium of Bondar-Abad that is the place for practicing traditional Iranian physical exercises is approximately 700 years old and is one of the most attractive historic monuments of the village. Tourists and travellers who visit this village take the high quality pomegranate grown as souvenirs to their hometown. And finally, Bondar-Abad is accessible via a road from the city of Ashkezar.

Source: irib.ir


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