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  • 2/25/2014

Lady Fatimah Masoomah: Muhaddithah of the Family of the Prophet

lady fatimah masoomah

The Islamic community is greatly indebted to narrators of Prophet Muhammad's (PBUH&HP) and his Ahl-ul-Bayt's (PBUT) sayings (Ahadith). Were it not for these narrators' determined efforts, Islamic teachings would not have reached us.

The great Prophet of Islam (PBUH&HP) would encourage his companions to listen to and narrate the Ahadith: "May Allah enlighten the person who hears a Hadith from us, and preaches it" (2). Similarly, Imam Jafar Sadiq (PBUH) has said: "Learning a Hadith from a reliable person regarding permissible and forbidden matters is far worthier than the entire world with all its gold and silver." (3)

Amongst the narrators of Hadith, we come across several virtuous women, whose names have been recorded as Muhaddithin; and the most prominent of them are the women from the family of the Prophet (PBUT).

Lady Masoomah (PBUH), a virtuous member of this family, has narrated a series of Ahadith backed by their chain of narrators, (4) from Lady Fatimah al-Zahra (PBUH).  Due to her exalted character, both Shia and Sunni narrators have paid close attention to her narrations. The following is an example of one of her accounts:

Hafiz Shams al-Din Jazari (died 833 A.H.), a prominent Sunni scholar, has authored a valuable book entitled "Asna al-Matalib fi Manaqib Sayyidina Ali ibn Abi Talib (PBUH)". In narrating the event of Ghadir, he mentions a Hadith by Lady Fatimah (PBUH), of which Lady Masoomah (PBUH) is in its chain of narrators. In this Hadith, Lady Fatimah (PBUH) has said: "Have you forgotten the speech of the Messenger of Allah on the day of Ghadir, in which he said: "Whosoever I am his/her Master (Mawla), Ali is his/her Master (Mawla)," and how he also said: "(O Ali)! You are to me as Aaron was to Moses." (5)(6)

This exact form and chain of this Hadith from Lady Masoomah (PBUH), has also been narrated by other Sunni Muhaddithin, namely Amrtesri and Shawkani. As for the Shia references, scholars such as Mir Hamed Hussein and Allamah Amini have narrated this Hadith from the same source.

According to the above example, Lady Masoomah (PBUH) has been recognized as a Muhaddithin both Shia and Sunni sources.

We, Muslims, are honored to have received the Ahadith of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) and his Ahl-ul-Bayt (PBUT) through such virtuous people. And it is on our part to contribute in protecting and passing on these narrations.

 (Selection taken from: "The Generous Lady of the Ahl-ul-Bayt (PBUH)", by Ali Akbar Mahdipour, with some summarization and addition)


Footnotes:

1- Muhaddith is an Islamic title, referring to one who profoundly knows and narrates Ahadith, the chain of their narration (Sanad), and the original and well-known narrators.

2- Sunan Ibn Majah, vol. 1, p. 85- Al-Ghadir by Allamah Amini , vol. 8, p. 154

3- Wasa'il al-Shia, vol. 27, p. 98

4- The chain of narrators refers to the set of persons who have narrated a certain Hadith from one to another.

5- Asna al-Matalib, pp. 49 & 50


Other links:

Zeinab of Imam Reza: A glance at the life of Hazrat Ma’soomah (PBUH): part 3

The Noble Descent of Hazrat Fatima Masumah (A.S)

The Shrine of Lady Fatima Masuma (A.S)

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