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Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel

( 1770-1831)

Born in Stuttgart and educated in Tübingen, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel devoted his life wholly to academic pursuits, teaching at Jena, Nuremberg, Heidelberg, and Berlin. HisWissenschaft der Logik (Science of Logic) (1812-1816) attributes the unfolding of concepts of reality in terms of the pattern of dialectical reasoning ( thesis — antithesis — synthesis) that Hegel believed to be the only method of progress in human thought, andDie Encyclopädie der philosophischen Wissenschaften im Grundrisse (Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences) (1817) describes the application of this dialectic to all areas of human knowledge. Hegel'sNaturrecht und Staatswissenschaft im Grundrisse andGundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts (Philosophy of Right) (1820) provide an intellectual foundation for modern nationalism.Hegel's absolute idealism is evident even in the earlyPhänomenologie des Geistes (Phenomenology of Mind) (1807).

There Hegel criticized the traditional epistemological distinction of distinction of objective from  subjective and offered his own dialectical account of the development of consciousness from individual sensation through social concern with ethics and politics to the pure consciousness of the World-Spirit in art, religion,  and philosophy. The result is a comprehensive world-view that encompasses the historical development of civilization in all of its forms.

His works

The Phenomenology of Mind(1807)
The Science of Logic (1812)
Philosophy of Right (1821)
Logic: Part One -Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences(1830)
Philosophy of Nature: Part Two -Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1817)
Philosophy of Mind: Part Three -Encyclopaedia of the Philosophical Sciences (1830)
Lectures on the History of Philosophy (1833) – selections
The Philosophy of History: Introduction (1837)
Outlines of the Phenomenology (1840)
Outlines of the Logic(1840)
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Hegel (1770-1731) and his time - Timeline 1748-1841:
Hegel Bibliography:
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