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  • 6/19/2013



Although Islam recognizes security as solidifier of all social activities, but the ideal of a theocracy is security along with justice. Sustainability of government and security also depends on observing justice, fairness and insuring civil rights of people. There is a saying, based on human experience and knowledge about their behavior and psyche that “The rule of non-believers may endure, but the rule of oppressor never will.”‌ [1]

Uprising for justice is one of the fundamental purposes of appointing prophets, and establishing government as well as providing security is a way to achieve this objective. Qur’an says, “Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due and when you judge between people to judge with justice.”‌ (al-Nisa: 58) and “We have already sent Our messengers with clear evidences and sent down with them the Scripture and the balance that the people may maintain [their affairs] in justice.”‌ (al Hadid: 25) and also addressed David thus: “[We said], "O David, indeed We have made you a successor upon the earth, so judge between the people in truth.”‌ (Sad: 26)

Imam Ali once said, “I swear to God, I would rather pass a night in wakefulness on the thorns of as-Sadan or be pulled this way and that way in chains than meet God and His Prophet on the Day of Judgment as an oppressor or a usurper of anything out of public wealth. And how can I oppress any one for the sake of my own that is moving towards destruction and is to remain under the earth for a long time.”‌ [2]


[1] . Muhammad Baqer Majlesi,  Behar al-Anwar, vol. 72. P. 332

[2] . Nahjul Balagha, translated by Mohammad Dashti, p. 326

Ahmad Niazi, graduate of Qom Seminary and Phd student of Al Mustafa international university

Source: political science journal, No. 3

Other links:

Tax system in Islam

Government’s legitimacy

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