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  • 2/23/2013

Dezak village

qale dezak

In this article, we introduce you an Iranian village called Dezak located in Chaharmahal-o-Bakhtiari province. This village had been home to some Iranian political and literary figures such as Mirza Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda, Muhammad Mossaddegh, and the poet laureate Muhammad Taghi Bahar, during World War II.

Dezak village is located 35 km south east of Shahrekord, center of Chahrmahal-o-Bakhtiari province in an altitude of 2230 meters above the sea level. Dezak is one of the oldest villages of this Iranian province and has a very pleasant weather during spring and summer but its winters are very cold. This village gained more importance in the mid Qajar period. Some historic evidence such as various hills remaining from different eras, and ancient cemeteries with stone lion statues belonging to the Safavid era, are other signs of significance of this village in days of yore.

The people of Dezak village speak in Farsi but with a Lori dialect. Its economy relies upon agriculture, animal husbandry, gardening and handicrafts. We can name wheat, barley, bean, beet roots and potato as some of Dezak's agricultural products, and apricot, apple, and walnut as its most important orchard products. Prevalence of ranching and agriculture besides production of meat and dairy products is considered as a sign of the thriving husbandry in this village. Beautiful and magnificent carpets woven by girls and women are the main handicrafts of Dezak village.

Dezak village is located in a mountainous region and its residential texture is dense. The old houses of the village have usually one floor and are made of stone, clay, adobe and wood, but in the construction of new houses iron, stone, bricks, cement, and plaster are used, too. Being located in a mountainous region, Dezak village has many spectacular sceneries and tourist attractions. Fertile pastures, green gardens, in addition to magnificent mountains with natural caves, and the remaining historic vestiges from the past, have added to the touristic significance of this village.

Pleasant gardens namely Amirabad and Bagh Baalaa are two of the natural attractions of Dezak village which are very eye-catching and attract a sizable group of people every year.

On the outskirts of this village there are two mountains of Barfpir and Tapo. Barfpir Mountain is one of the natural attractions of Dezak which is totally covered with snow during the cold winter in the region and brings about a very attractive landscape. Barfpir Mountain is appropriate for mountaineering.

Takht cave and the Cave of Tapo Mountain are two of the calcareous caves in the heights around the village. It is worth mentioning that geological evolutions in calcareous mountains gradually lead to the appearance of some very big hollow spaces called caves. Inside these caves some springs gush out. Tourists in different seasons of the year travel to the village to visit these caves. There is an aqueduct named Galinak which is taken as another worth-visiting scene of this village and its spring is a resting and recreation resort for the travellers.

Another spectacular landscape of Dezak village is Qal'e Dezak edifice. Impressed by the European architecture, this edifice is constructed by one of the famous Khans of the Haft Lang-e Bakhtiari with an area of 5076 square km. This edifice has been registered in the list of Iran's national monuments thanks to its significance. Qal'e Dezak edifice has witnessed several incidents throughout history, such as some events of the Mashrooteh period. Ali Akbar Dehkhoda, the well-known Iranian author, have resided in this edifice for some time and made use of the existing references in its library to lay the foundation of the famous Dehkhoda Persian dictionary.

Due to the regional weather, Qal'e Dezak edifice is built in two floors with north and south balconies. Regarding the architecture of the building, the ground floor rooms make maximum use of heat and light during winter, and the first-floor rooms enjoy a cool summer.

Qal'e Dezak has four conic pinnacles. Various decorative architectural features have been used in this edifice especially in its first floor. A blend of brick-work and varnished tiling in the building's coat of bricks has led to splendid patterns. The most eye-catching parts of this edifice are Sofre-khaneh hall and Ayene (mirror) room. The wall margins of the Sofre-khaneh hall and around the main entrances and doors are decorated with stucco and artistic paintings. Various pictures such as those of angels as symbol of purity, and of lions' head as a sign of power and valor, and some hunting sceneries are stuccoed on the margin of Sofre-khaneh hall. Its ceiling is wooden and made in a framing style and its doors and windows are decorated with silver.

Next to Sofre-khaneh is the Ayene (or mirror) room whose walls and ceiling are decorated with tiny pieces of mirror. Making use of behind- the- glass painting has added to the magnificence of this room. These paintings generally contain horse riding, castles and buildings in different models.

In the middle of the green yard of this edifice, there is a polygonal stone pool whose water stems from the springs on the heights around Dezak village. There is also an ancient bath inside Dezak village which is another one of its attractive places and dates back to Qajar period.

Source: irib.ir

Other links:

Geography and History, Chahar Mahal Va Bakhtiyari

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