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SHI'ITE  ENCYCLOPEDIA

CHAPTER  1.a 

islam

 - Quran and Ahlul-Bayt

- Why School of Ahlul-Bayt?

- Who are Ahlul-Bayt? (Parts I through VIII)

- The Word House (Ahlul-Bayt) in Quran

- Sunni Feedback on the Issues of Infallibility and Ahlul-Bayt  

 

Quran and Ahlul-Bayt Based on a parallel (Mutawatir) tradition upon whose authenticity all Muslims agree, the Messenger of Allah (AS) informed his followers in several occasions that he would leave them two precious/weighty things and that if Muslims adhere to both of them, they will never go astray after him.

 They are  the Book of Allah (Quran) and the Members of the House of the Prophet (Ahlul- Bayt), peace be upon them all.  It is narrated in Sahih Muslim as well as many other sources that:  Someday (after his last pilgrimage) the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF)  stood to give us a speech beside a pond which is known as Khum (Ghadir  Khum) which is located between Mecca and Medina. Then he praised Allah  and reminded Him, and then said: "O' people! Behold! It seems the time  approached when I shall be called away (by Allah) and I shall answer  that call. Behold! I am leaving for you two precious things. First of  them is the book of Allah in which there is light and guidance...  The other one is my Ahlul-Bayt. I remind you in the name of Allah  about my Ahlul-Bayt. I remind you in the name of Allah about my Ahlul- Bayt. I remind you in the name of Allah about my Ahlul-Bayt. (three  times)."   Sunni Reference: - Sahih Muslim, Chapter of the virtues of the companions, section of the  virtues of Ali, 1980 Edition Pub. in Saudi Arabia, Arabic  version, v4, p1873, Tradition #36.  - And many others such as Sahih al-Tirmidhi, Musnad Ahmad (see below).  For the English version of Sahih Muslim, see Chapter CMXCVI, v4, p1286,  Tradition #5920   Here is the Arabic text of the above tradition in Sahih Muslim:       

As we can see in the above tradition in Sahih Muslim, not only Ahlul-Bayt has been put beside the Quran, but also it has been mentioned three times by the Prophet (PBUH&HF).

Despite the fact that the author of Sahih Muslim and many other Sunni  traditionists have recorded the above tradition in their authentic books, it  is regrettable that the majority of Sunnis are unaware of its existence at  the best, or deny it at the worst. Their counter argument is that the most  reliable tradition in this regard is the one recorded by al-Hakim in his al- Mustadrak, on the authority of Abu Huraira, attributing to the Messenger of  Allah saying: "I leave amongst you two things that if you follow or act upon,  you will not go astray after me: The Book of God and my Sunnah (traditions)."   There is no doubt that ALL Muslims are required to follow the Sunnah of the  Prophet (PBUH&HF). However, the question remains that which Sunnah is genuine  and which one is invented later and was falsely attributed to the Prophet.  On tracing the source of this report of Abu Huraira which states "Quran and  Sunnah," we found out that it has NOT been recorded in any of the six  authentic Sunni collections of the traditions (Sihah Sittah). Not only that,  but also al-Bukhari, al-Nisa'i, and al-Dhahabi and many others rated this  report (Quran and Sunnah) as weak because of its weak Isnad. It should be  noted that although the book of al-Hakim is an important Sunni collection of  traditions, yet it is ranked inferior to the six major Sunni books. This is  while Sahih Muslim is in the second rank among the six Sunni collections of  traditions.   al-Tirmidhi reported that the "Quran and Ahlul-Bayt" version of the tradition  is traced to 30+ companions. Ibn Hajar al-Haythami reported that he knows of  20+ companions witnessed that also. This is while the "Quran and Sunnah"  version reported by al-Hakim has only one source!  Thus we must conclude that  the "Quran and Ahlul-Bayt" version is much more reliable. Moreover al-Hakim  has also mentioned the "Quran and Ahlul-Bayt" version in his book (al- Mustadrak) through several chain of authorities and confirmed that the "Quran  and Ahlul-Bayt" version of the tradition is authentic based on the criteria  of al-Bukhari and Muslim.

Source: al-islam.org


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