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  • Date :
  • 12/15/2011

A – Z of Iranian History

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Parni: Nomadic tribe from Central-Asian steppe, they were Iranian in origin and are unknown before the third century BC. Moving south they joined a major confederation of Dahae tribes. The Dahae disintegrated after the fall of the Achaemenid Empire, and amongst many groups that emerged out of the larger group were Parni.

 

Parsis of India: The Zoroastrian community of India. They left Iran around eight century AD to escape persecution in Iran. They maintained a prosperous community in India and in late nineteenth and early twentieth century helped the Zoroastrian community in Iran.

 

Parthia (Parthava): Belonging to the Parni tribe, these Iranian tribes moving south became known as Parthians, and created a major empire. They were settled in northwest Iran before expanding and were praised for their archery and horsemanship.

 

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK): The leftist organization was set up by Jalal Talabai, a Kurdish leader, in 1975 in Iraq.  With the KDP they have jointly administered northern Iraqi territories after the Gulf War. They have been opposing Barazani group for decades.

 

Persians: An Indo Iranian group who entered Iran around 1000 BC, conquered the whole area, and created the Persian Empire.

 

Peshmerges(ready to die): Kurdish guerrilla fighters who perform suicide attacks. They were very active in Iraq against Saddam Hussein. Currently they are helping the US troops in Iraq.

 

Pish-e Kuhi: The name is applied to a region and also Luri/Kurdish tribes inhabiting the area. The name means ‘in front of the mountain’.

 

Pizhdar Kurds: Border Kurdish tribes living in Iraq and Iran. Their language is Sorani in origin.

 

Prophet Muhammad: Founder of Islam. He was forty years old when he received revelations about the new religion. By the time he died, he had conquered the whole of Arabia under the banner of Islam

Pusht-e Kuhi: The name is applied to a region and also Luri/Kurdish tribes inhabiting the area. The name means ‘behind the mountain’.


Other Links:

Haft Keshvar (7 Countries)-part 1    

History of Ancient Medicine in Mesopotamia & Iran-part 1   

Iran, a Brief History (part 1)    

A – Z of Iran History (A)   

History of Ancient Medicine in Mesopotamia & Iran-part 2   

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