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  • Date :
  • 12/13/2011

A – Z of Iranian History

"D E F"


Dailamite: An Iranian group occupying the Dailam region in Caspian area. They resisted both Arabs and Turks for centuries.


Drangiana (Sakastana, > Sistan): Home to the ancient Iranian tribes Sarangians or Drangians, it occupied modern Sistan in eastern Iran. Under the Greek occupation, the Sacae nomadic tribes of Central Asia invaded it constantly, and eventually gave their name Sacastane (Sistan) to the region.


Dravidian languages: A family of around 23 languages that is unrelated to any other known language family. Presently the Dravidian languages are spoken in India and Sri Lanka. The name also applies to the peoples of south and central India, and north Sri Lanka.


Elam: The coastal regions along the northern shore of the Persian Gulf, from what is now Kuwait to the Straits of Hurmuz. The ancient kingdom of Elam with Susa as its capital was the earliest urbanized center in Iran, and has been inhabited extensively from 3300 BC.


Fars (Parsua): The ancient province inhabited by Persians who gave their name to the area that comprises present day Fars. The geographical boundary contains a series of steps leading from the Persian Gulf to the central deserts of Iran.


Feast of Sacrifice (Id-e Qorban): It is one of the most important Muslim festivals. It concludes the end of the pilgrimage to Mecca. It lasts for three days and Arabs call it Id al-Adha. The festival involves slaughtering animals such as ram or cow commemorating Ibraham's (Abraham) willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son. The story is very similar to the same story in Bible with Ishmael being sacrificed instead of Isaac.

Other Links:

Haft Keshvar (7 Countries)-part 1    

History of Ancient Medicine in Mesopotamia & Iran-part 1   

Iran, a Brief History (part 1)    

A – Z of Iran History (A)   

History of Ancient Medicine in Mesopotamia & Iran-part 2   

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