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Historical Monuments, Golestan (Part 2)

aq qala bridge, gorgan
Castles and Forts

Eskandari Dam (Defense Wall), Gorgan 

The said defensive wall is reputedly known by the names of "Qezel Allan", "Eskandar" (which is also known as "Firoozeh" Dam) and is located to the north of Gorgan and Gonbad. The same stretches from a west to east direction. Alongside this wall are defensive towers and castles, at certain intervals, the relics of which are similar to hillocks on the fringes of this wall. The walls of these castles and ramparts have been generally constructed of colossal square bricks. Parts of this defensive wall which has remained intact, is approximately 3-5 m. in height and 10 m. in width. This rampart resembling that of a dam is an attractive site for visitors who come from far.

Espi Fort (Aq Qal'eh), Gorgan

The location of this castle is in the northern section of the former Mobarak Abad castle, on the fringes of the Gorgan River.

Jenashak Fort, Gorgan

This fort consists of three castles, which according to some narrations when Qabus Ebne Voshmgir, was dethroned remained captive here for a period. The names of these three castles are Seeb Chal, Valeman and Kashidar (now called Deshli) and situated at the top of mountain.

Khandan Fort (Khalat Poushan), Gorgan

The ruins of this fort have been remained in the south west of Gorgan, right on the top of an elevated hill, which is at present surrounded by forest trees.Error processing SSI file

Maran Castle, Gorgan

The Maran Castle is a relic from the Parthian era. It is said that Maran is the same second capital of the Parthians which was constructed by Tirdad. It is the vicinity where Yazidebne Mahlab killed thousands of people. Mohammad Hassan Khan-e- Jalayer took refuge in Maran castle after the war with Iranian central government, and was trapped by a person known as Haji. The Maran Kooh area around the castle was rendered to Haji thus named Hajilar.

Historical Bridges 

Aq Qala Bridge, Gorgan

The Aq Qala Bridge is placed at the distance of 18 km. to the north of Gorgan and at the beginning of Gorgan River and Aq Qala city. This bridge is 74 meters in length and in both sides has refuges with 1.5 meters height and consists of four arches. The Aq Qala Bridge was constructed in the 9th century and repaired during the Safavid period.

Archaeological Hills

Toorang Tepeh Hill, Gorgan

This hillock is accounted as the most valuable in respect to archaeological fields, in Golestan Province. The same is located 25 km. north east of Gorgan, covering a vast area and overlooking a large blue pool. The same dates back to the 3rd millennium B.C.

In the archaeological and scientific finds within its layers, evidences such as earthenware, vessel articles for daily use and bronze implements have further increased the merits of this region. The said is on historical record in Iran.

Other Archaeological Hills, Golestan

Yarim hill, the upper Nezam Abad and the lower Nezam Abad hill in Ali Abad, Seh Tappeh Khanbebin hillock, Takchenar, Dasht Halqeh and Maraveh in Gonbad, Sa'dabad, Mahz Abad, Chalaki, Yas, Narges Tappeh, Gamesh Tappeh, Qaleh Khandan in Gorgan.

Old Bazaars

Gorgan Old Bazaar, Gorgan

This bazaar known as "Na'l Bandan" is situated in the ancient quarters of the town. Here, there are historical and religious buildings, water tanks and caravansaries.

The ancient Gorgan network was one of the most important centers for commercial, cultural and social activities. This ancient bazaar is one of the most beautiful markets of the province as well as Iran in respect to architecture.

Source: chnpress.com

Other links:

Historical Bridges, Golestan

Townships, Golestan

Geographical Position, Golestan

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