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Tafsir Surah Al-Ma"arij (The Ways of Ascent)

part 2

ghoran

The virtues of reading the Sura e Ma’arij

n a narration we read, one who recites the Sura e Ma’arij he is bestowed the rewards of those who protect their vows, promises and those who protect and watchful towards the namaz.

It is mentioned in another hadis from imam Baqir alaihis salam who said: One who recites consistently the Sura of سَأَلَ سَائِلٌ the Forgiver God will not interrogate regarding his sins on the judgment day and resides him in the paradise with prophet Muhammad sallallaho alaihi va ala alehi.

The same content is quoted from imam Jafar e Sadiq alaihis salam.

It is quite obvious that the men acquires such a great divine rewards, it is the recitation with full faith and believe and then to practise upon it. Not that to read the ayaat and Sura which does not reflect in his soul and deed.

َعْرُجُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ إِلَيْهِ فِي يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ(70:4)

70:4

The angels and the Spirit the [Ruh - Jibrael (Gabriel)] will ascend to Him during a Day the extent of which is fifty thousand years.

فَاصْبِرْ صَبْرًا جَمِيلًا(70:5)

70:5

So be patient (O Muhammad SAW ), with a excellent patience.

إِنَّهُمْ يَرَوْنَهُ بَعِيدًا(70:6)

70:6

Indeed, men look upon that [reckoning] as something far away

وَنَرَاهُ قَرِيبًا(70:7)

70:7

But We see it (quite) near.

 

A day equal to fifty years

After stating the worldly punishment, for the one who demanded the torment, we entered in the discussion of judgment day and the sufferings of the criminals on that day hereafter.

At first it said: The angels and the soul ascend towards Him (Allah), the day whose length is fifty thousand years.

تَعْرُجُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ إِلَيْهِ فِي يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ خَمْسِينَ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ

(70:4

Certainly the ascension of the angel is not the physical but it is spiritual that is to say, they make hurry for the nearness to Sovereign God. In the hours of resurrection day they get ready to follow the commands and obey it. Similarly it is mentioned in the Sura e Haqqah ayat 17:

Surat Al-H^a-qqah (The Reality) - سورة الحاقة

وَالْمَلَكُ عَلَى أَرْجَائِهَا وَيَحْمِلُ عَرْشَ رَبِّكَ فَوْقَهُمْ يَوْمَئِذٍ ثَمَانِيَةٌ

 

(69:17)

69:17

And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the Throne of your Lord above them.

It is on that day they stand around the skies and ready to perform every command. By Ruh روح it means the same روح الامين the chief of angels who is indicated in the Sura e Qadr where it is said:

Surat Al-Qadr (The Power) - سورة القدر

تَنَزَّلُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ وَالرُّوحُ فِيهَا بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمْرٍ

 

(97:4)

97:4

The angels and the Spirit descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter.

Of course the word روح had the different meanings in every situation it may be possible according to the present manifestations too. And give it a meaning such as روح انسان the soul of man, روح means Quran, روح means Ruhul Qodos روح القدس angel of revelation, they entirely gives the meaning of روح soul . The other ayat of Quran too pointed this term.

But the phrase fifty years is to reveal that day is lengthy according to the proportion of the worldly years or as in the ayat 5 of the Sura e Sijdeh it is mentioned the length of that day is one thousand years does not contradict it.

Surat As-Sajdah (The Prostration) - سورة السجدة

يُدَبِّرُ الْأَمْرَ مِنَ السَّمَاء إِلَى الْأَرْضِ ثُمَّ يَعْرُجُ إِلَيْهِ فِي يَوْمٍ كَانَ مِقْدَارُهُ أَلْفَ سَنَةٍ مِّمَّا تَعُدُّونَ

 

(32:5)

32:5

He arranges [each] matter from the heaven to the earth; then it will ascend to Him in a Day, the extent of which is a thousand years of those which you count.

Source: alhassanain.com

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Other Links:

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Tafsir Surah Abasa (part 6)

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