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  • 1/5/2011

Demise of Amir Kabir

kabir statue

The fruitful career of Amir Kabir came to a sudden end on 20 Moharram 1268/16 November 1851, when Naser-al-din Shah dismissed him from the position of chief minister.

Five days later, he was stripped of all his other titles and functions. Soon after he was sent under armed escort to Kashan, and after a period of forty days’ confinement was put to death in the bathhouse at Fin, outside Kashan, by the slashing of his wrists (17 Rabiʿ I 1268/10 January 1852). The executioner, ʿAli Khan Moqaddam, had entered government service as a protégé of Amir Kabir.

It is rumored that the Shah's mother and her aides asked the Shah for an order to execute Amir Kabir while the Shah was drunk. Once the order was given, it was executed extremely quickly, before the Shah could rescind the order.

The downfall and death of Amir Kabir are to be attributed primarily to the continuing intrigues of the same persons who had opposed him when he was first appointed chief minister: Mirza Agha Khan Noori and the queen mother. It appears that they persuaded Naser al-Din Shah Qajar that Amir Kabir was planning to depose him and mount the throne himself. The young shah may have been inclined to believe these accusations because of a certain arrogance and disdain for protocol that Amir Kabir had shown since the beginning of his government career in Tabriz. Contemporary and near-contemporary European observers all formed favorable impressions of Amir Kabir, seeing in him a unique embodiment of honesty, patriotism, and efficiency.

Among his Iranian contemporaries Amir Kabir received praise from several poets of the age, notably Sorush and Qaʾani, but his services to Iran remained generally unappreciated in the Qajar period.

 Modern Iranian historiography has done him more justice, depicting him as one of the few capable and honest statesmen to emerge in the Qajar period and the progenitor of various political and social changes that came about half a century later.

Amir Kabir should be seen primarily, however, as an unusually loyal and effective servant of the traditional state whose primary objective was the strengthening of the central government. He was only incidentally an agent of modernization and westernization, themes that were elaborated later by men of an ideological disposition alien to the great administrator and man of affairs that was Amir Kabir.

It is rumored that after execution, Amir Kabir's body has been transported to "Karbala" (in Iraq) and entombed there.

Source: wikipedia.org

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