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  • 1/3/2010

Historical Bridges and Caravansaries, Kermanshah

khosrow bridge, bistoon

Bistoon (Sheikh Ali Khan) Caravansary, Bistoon

This caravansary is located in Bistoon and has four porches. The same has been built by Sheikh Ali Khan Zanganeh. Its building is in a rectangular in form. In its rectangular courtyard there are 47 rooms for travelers.

The caravansary has 4 circular towers in four corners and 14 rooms along the entrance. With respect to the type of material used for construction, the structure dates to the Safavid era. But in its foundation, carved stones of the Sassanid period can be noted. In Bistoon other caravansaries constructed on different plans can be also observed. These are related to the late Sassanid and early Islamic periods.

Khosravi Bridge, Sahneh

On the old road of Dinvar to Sahneh and between Baba Kamal and Ahmad Aaqa villages, on the old route of the Kangarshah River are the relics of the base of an ancient bridge. The bridge is about 100 m. in length and has 5 springs. As far as the cobbled stone and mortar used in its construction and the Bistoon - Khosravi Bridge are concerned, these relate to the Sassanid period.

Khosrow Bridge, Bistoon

Along the old road of Bistoon to Takht-e-Shirin and Sarmaj there are gigantic bases of the famous Khosrow Bridge.

The construction of the Khosrow Bridge is attributed to Shah Khosrow Sassanid. The Khosrow Bridge is the only bridge that the Arabs crossed, and after passing through Takht-e-Shirin and Sarmaj went Nahavand and defeated Yazdgerd III, the last of the Sassanid rulers in that city.

 The Khosrow Bridge with the passage of time, has sustained abundant losses, in such a manner that in Safavid period this bridge was unusable. For this reason, at that time another bridge was built on the Dinvar Ab River, about 1 km. beyond the former bridge.

Koocheh Brick Bridge, Kangavar

To the north of the Koocheh Village, in the vicinity of Goodin Village of Kangavar is a brick bridge. This is a construction belonging to the Shah Abbas era, and lies in a west to east direction on the Ab Khoram. The same is 68.80 m. in length, the base of which, till the right of the arched openings is made of slabs of stone. The foundation of these base pillars are filled with cobbled stones in between these columns and covered with a brick layer. All the five openings of the bridge arches are worked in a zigzag fashion. Its northern opening, from the western direction runs in a zigzag style, whereas, from the eastern direction it is of a crescent shaped. On both ends of this bridge are embankments made of slabs of stone, mortar, clay and gypsum.

Sar Pol-e-Zahab Caravansary, Sar Pol-e-Zahab

In the limits of Sar Pol-e-Zahab there are the relics of two caravansaries. The first is a four porch one constructed of brick and dating to the Safavid period. The second is on a different plan, made of stone and related to the Sassanid period.

Other Historical Bridges and Caravansaries

The other caravansaries and old bridges are as follows: Islam Abad Qarb Caravansary, Mahidasht Caravansary in north east plain of Mahidasht, Nouji Veran Bridge in Najoran Chamchal village 24 km. west of Sahneh, the Rahan Brick Bridge 22 km. north west of Sahneh, the old bridge of Qareh Sou 50 km. of Kermanshah, Bistoon Bridge in Bistoon Village and Mahidasht Bridge in Kermanshah - Qasr-e-Shirin Road related to the Sassanid, Saljuqi and Safavid period.

mahidasht caravansary

Source: chnpress.com


Other links:

Inscriptions and Epigraphs, Kermanshah (Part1)

Inscriptions and Epigraphs, Kermanshah (Part2)

 Inscriptions and Epigraphs, Kermanshah (Part3)

History and Culture, Kermanshah

Townships, Kermanshah (Part1)

Townships, Kermanshah (Part2)

Townships, Kermanshah (Part3)

The province of Kermanshah

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