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  • 11/14/2009

Townships, Kermanshah (Part2)

javan rood

Javan Rood

The township of Javan Rood is situated to the northwest of Kermanshah and from the north is limited to the Kurdistan Province. It has temperate climate. Javan Rood is located at a distance of 585 km,from Tehran. Hamdollah Mostowfi, a famous historian, has made special mention of the same with a pleasant climate, hunting grounds and vegetation as well as being an area of grain cultivation. In 1067 A.H. to the west of Javan Rood was the city of Zoor, to the south was Zahab of Kermanshah, to the east was Ravansar and to the north it was linked to Uoraman.

In the period of Shah Tahmasb Safavid, Safi Khan, the King of Gooran, Mir Zia Eddin, was its governor and constructed castles around it. In the Afshariyeh and Zandieh periods, Javan Rood came in the hand of their brother and offspring. In the Qajar era Amanollah Khan the governor gave over the rule of Jaf and Javan Rood to his son Muhammad Sadeq. After which, in the year 1320 A.H. it was ruled by one of the Beig-Zadegan, Rostam Beik Jaf.

This city presently has expanded and flourished and also has a beautiful surroundings as well.


Kangavar is located to the east of the province and near the Province of Hamadan. The same has a temperate mountainous climate. It is one of the historical towns of the country due to the Anahita Temple. This city was flourishing till the Sassanid period, but after the Arab aggression on Iran, was destroyed. At present the relics of the Anahita Temple is within the city. This temple was built from stone and has sculptured stone columns. Arab historians and geographers after the 4th century A.H. have mentioned this region. Kangavar was reputed in the Islamic period and at present is reputed for its Anahita Temple (palace). The distance between Kangavar and Tehran is 616 km.


The city of Kermanshah is located in the center of the province and has a temperate climate. Kermanshah is one of the ancient cities of Iran and it is said that, Tahmores Divband, a mythical ruler of the Pishdadian had constructed it. Some attribute its constructions to Bahram Sassanid. During the reign of Qobad I and Anushirvan Sassanid, Kermanshah was at the peak of its glory. But in the Arab attack suffered great damage. Concurrent with the Afghan attack and the fall of Esfahan, Kermanshah was destroyed due to the Ottoman invasion. But from the beginning of the 11th century A.H. it began to flourish.

In order to prevent a probable aggression of the Zangeneh tribe and due to its proximity with Ottoman Empire, the Safavid ruler paid great attention to this city. But in the Zandieh period upheavals increased, whereas during the Qajar era, Ottoman attacks reduced. Muhammad Ali Mirza in 1221 A.H. was seated in Kermanshah in order to prevent Ottoman aggression, and Khuzestan also came under his realm. An epigraph of Muhammad Ali Mirza in Taq-e-Bostan has been remained as a relic.

In 1267 A.H. Imam Qoli Mirza was appointed by Naseredin Shah to protect the Kermanshah frontier. The former during his rule of 25 years constructed some buildings which have remained to be seen. In the Constitutional Movement this city played an important role and in World War I and II and was taken possession by foreign powers and after the war ended, the city was evacuated.

anahita temple

As a result of the imposed Iraq war, this city sustained great losses and after the war vast efforts were taken to rehabilitate it. Kermanshah is the capital of the Kermanshah Province and is located at a distance of 526 km,from Tehran.


Other links:

Townships, Kermanshah (Part1)

The province of Kermanshah

History and Culture, Kermanshah

The Province of Zanjan

The Province of Mazandaran

The Province of Sistan & Baluchistan

Nature of Kurdistan (Photo Gallery)

The Province of Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad

History and Culture, Kohgiluyeh & Boyer Ahmad

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