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  • 11/1/2009

Kurdistan Cities (Part2)

marivan

Marivan

The township of Marivan is located in the west of Iran and in the neighborhood of Iraq. It is bounded on north by Saqez, in the south by Kamyaran and Kermanshah, and in the west by Iraq. Marivan is a cold region and is a century old. Farhad Mirza Qajar who governed just before the constitutional movement constructed a castle in Marivan. This border city was in the neighborhood of the Ottoman government.

Naseredin Shah ordered a castle to be built there in 1282 AH. In 1286 AH. , Haj Farhad Mo'tamed-o-Doleh further fortified the structure and named it Shah Abad. After Haj Muhammad Ali Khan Zafar-ol-Molk in the early Pahlavi era built a castle in Moosk Village that is now used as a garrison and it is not far from the city.

The Zarivar Lake is to the west of the city of Marivan and has given a special beauty to this city, in addition to being a recreational area.

Qorveh

The township of Qorveh is located to the east of the province. It is restricted from east to the Hamadan province from the north to Bijar, from south to Hamadan and Kermanshah and from west to Sanandaj. Its center is the city of Qorveh, which is located in a large plain 93 km. east of Sanandaj and northwest of Hamadan and has expanded in the direction of the Sanandaj road towards Hamadan. In the past the seat of rule of this city was the Qaslan Village. Here the governor of the times was responsible for the construction of some buildings, a castle, mosque, bath, garden and large groves.

Today, due to its distinctive geological characteristics, and mineral water springs, visitors and tourists are attracted to this city.

Saqqez

The township of Saqqez is located in the north west of the province. To the north is the Province of west Azarbayjan (Mahabad and Bukan). This township is limited from west to the township of Baneh, from the south to Iraq and Marivan and from the east to Sanandaj. The capital of this township is Saqez city and lies at a distance of 706 km. from Tehran and 181 km. from Sanandaj. This township in spring and summer has a cool and moderate climate.

This city during the primary union of the Medes was their capital and was named ‘Izirta’. On the attack of Sargan II, the ruler of the Assyrian, the Medes were defended and their fortifications destroyed. Thereafter, the Sekaha tried to rebuild this city and they chose Saqez, and then named ‘Eskit’ as their capital. The present name of Saqez is derived from the Sekeh (Seka-Eskit-Sakez) tribe.

the zarivar lake

The city of Saqez was formerly in the southwestern plain of the present city and today it is reputedly known as old Saqez. Saqez city is located in the skirts of the attitudes and a river runs through it. It is one of the most beautiful areas in Kurdistan province.

Source:ostan-kd.ir


Other links:

Kurdistan Cities (Part1)

The Province of Kurdistan

Nature of Kurdistan (Photo Gallery)

The Province of Mazandaran

History and Culture of Mazandaran

The Province of Sistan & Baluchistan

The Province of Sistan & Baluchistan

History of Khuzestan (part 1)

History of Khuzestan (part 2)

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