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  • Date :
  • 8/22/2009

Avicenna: Short biography

avicenna

Avicenna the great Persian Physician

Name: Ali Sina Balkhi (Avicenna)

Title: Sharaf al-Mulk, Hujjat al-Haq, Sheikh al-Rayees

Birth: approximately 980 CE Death: 1037 CE

Ethnicity: Persian

Religion: Islam

Region: Central Asia and Persia (Iran)

Main interests: Islamic medicine, alchemy and chemistry in Islam, Islamic astronomy, Islamic ethics, early Islamic philosophy, Islamic studies, logic in Islamic philosophy, geography, mathematics, Islamic psychological thought, physics, Persian poetry, science, Kalam, paleontology.

Notable ideas: Father of modern medicine and the concept of momentum, founder of Avicennism and Avicenna’s logic, forerunner of psychoanalysis, pioneer of aromatherapy and neuropsychiatry, and important contributor to geology.

Works: The Canon of Medicine, The Book of Healing

Influences: Muhammad, Ja'far al-Sadiq, Hippocrates, Sushruta, Charaka, Aristotle, Galen, Plotinus, Neoplatonism, Indian mathematics, Wasil ibn Ata, al-Kindi, al-Farabi, Muhammad ibn Zakariya ar-Razi, Abu Rayhan Biruni, Muslim physicians

Influenced: Abu Rayhan Biruni, Omar Khayyám, al-Ghazali, Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, Abubacer, Averroes, Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi, Nasir al-Din al-Tusi, Ibn al-Nafis, Scholasticism, Albertus Magnus, Duns Scotus, Thomas Aquinas, Jean Buridan, Giambattista Benedetti, Galileo Galilei, William Harvey, René Descartes, Spinoza, John Locke


Other links:

Who was Avicenna?

Avicenna: Early life

Avicenna: Adulthood

Avicennia's science

Avicennian psychology

Avicenna’s philosophy

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