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  • 1445
  • Date :
  • 5/6/2007

Selection of ahadith about the youth

 

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The Youth

1) قال رسول اللّه صلّى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: ألشباب شعبة من الجنون.

1. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “The period of the youth is from the stages of obsession.”(1)

2) قال الإمام عليّ عليه السّلام: جهل الشاب معذور وعلمه محقور.

2. Im?m Al? ibne Ab? ??lib  (a.s.) has said: “The ignorance of the young person is excusable and his knowledge is limited.”(2)

3) قال الإمام عليّ عليه السّلام: شيئان لا يعرف فضلهما إلاّ من فقدهما: ألشّباب والعافية.

3. Im?m Al? ibne Ab? ??lib  (a.s.) has said: “There are two things which people do not recognize the greatness of until they lose them: their youth and good health.”(3)

4) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: خير شبابكم من تشبّه بكهولكم وشرّ كهولكم من تشّبه بشبابكم.

4. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “The best of your youth are those who resemble your old people(4) and the worst of your old

people are those who resemble your young people.” (5)

5) قال الإمام الصادق عليه السّلام: وصيّة ورقة بن نوفل لخديجة بنت خوليد إذا دخل عليها يقول لـها: إعلمي أن الشّاب الحسن الخلق مفتاح للخير مغلاق للشرّ، وأن الشّاب الشحيح الخلق مغلاق للخير مفتاح للشرّ.

5. Im?m Jafar ibne Muhammad as-??diq (a.s.) has said: “Any time Waraqah ibne Nawfil would go to see Khad?jah binte Khuwayl?d, he would advise her as such, ‘You should know that surely the young person who has good behaviour is the key to all goodness and is kept away from all evil, while the young person who has bad behaviour is kept away from all goodness and is the key to all evil.”(6)

6) قال الإمام عليّ عليه السّلام: إعلموا رحمكم اللّه أنّكم في زمان القائل فيه الحق قليل....فتاهم عارم، وشائبهم آثم، وعالـمهم منافق.

6. Im?m Al? ibne Ab? ??lib  (a.s.) has said: “You should know that, may All?h have mercy upon you, surely you are living in a time in which those who profess to be on the Truth are very few in number … their youth are obstinate, their young people are sinners, and their scholars are hypocrites.”(7)

Training of the Youth

7) قال الإمام عليّ عليه السّلام: إنّما قلب الحدث كالأرض الخالية، ما القي فيها من شيء إلاّ قبلته.

7. Im?m Al? ibne Ab? ??lib  (a.s.) has said: “Surely the heart of the youth is like the uncultivated ground – it will accept whatever you throw upon it [and that is what will grow from it].”(8)

8) قال الإمام الصّادق عليه السّلام: - للأحول -: أتيت البصرة؟ قال: نعم. قال: كيف رأيت مسارعة النّاس في هذا الأمر ودخولـهم فيه؟ فقال: واللّه إنـهم لقليل، وقد فعلوا وإن ذالك لقليل. فقال (عليه السّلام): عليك بالأحداث؛ فإنـهم أسرع إلى كلّ خير.

8. Im?m Jafar ibne Muhammad as-??diq (a.s.) said to a companion named Al-Ahwal: “’Have you been to Ba?rah?’  The man replied, ‘Yes.’  The Im?m (a.s.) then asked him, ‘How did you find the enthusiasm of the people in regards to this issue [of the Wil?yah and Im?mate of the Ahlul Ba?t] and their acceptance of it?’  The man replied, ‘I swear by All?h surely those people [who follow and accept this] are few in number.  They work upon this [propagating this belief to others, even though they are small in number.’  The Im?m replied to him, ‘I advise you to work on the youth [in educating them on these issues] since surely they are quicker to accept all good things.’”(9)

Seeking knowledge while a Youth

9) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلَم: من تعلّم في شبابه كان بـمنـزلة الرسم في الحجر، ومن تعلّم وهو كبير كان بـمنـزلة الكتاب على وجه الـماء.

9. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “The person who seeks knowledge while in his youth is similar to the act of inscribing something upon a rock; while the person who seeks knowledge while he is old is similar to the act of writing something upon the water.”(10)

10) قال الإمام عليّ عليه السّلام: العلم من الصغر كالنقش في الحجر.

10. Im?m Al? ibne Ab? ??lib  (a.s.) has said: “Gaining knowledge in one’s youth is like imprinting something on a rock [it will always remain].”(11)

11) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: من لـم يطلب العلم صغيرا فطلبه كبيرا فمات، مات شهيدا.

11. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “If a person who does not seek knowledge while he is youth, but rather goes to seek it when he becomes old and dies in this state, he dies as a martyr [Shah?d].”(12)

12) قال النبي أيّوب عليه السّلام: إن اللّه يزرع الحكمة في قلب الصغير والكبير، فإذا جعل اللّه العبد حكيما في الصبى لـم يضع منـزلته عند الحكماء حداثة سنّه وهم يرون عليه من اللّه نور كرامته.

12. The Prophet Ayy?b (a.s.) has said: “Surely All?h implants wisdom [Al-Hikmah] in the heart of the young person and the old person.  So then if All?h makes a servant a wise person in his youth then he would not lower his status in the eyes of the intellectuals simply because he is of a young age since they will see the n?r (divine light) of All?h radiating from this person.” (13)

The Young person & refraining from seeking knowledge

13) قال الإمام الكاظم عليه السّلام: لو وجدت شابّاً من شبّان الشيعة لا يتفقه لضربته ضربة بالسيف.

13. Im?m M?s? ibne Jafar al-K?dhim (a.s.) has said: “If I was to find a youth from amongst the youth of the Sh?a not gaining a deep knowledge and understanding, I would surely strike him with a sword.”(14)

14) قال الإمام الباقر عليه السّلام: لو أُتيت بشاب من شباب الشيعة لا يتفقه (في الدين) لأدبته.

14. Im?m Muhammad ibne Al? al-B?qir (a.s.) has said: “If I were to find a youth from amongst the youth of the Sh?a that was not engaged in gaining a deep knowledge and understanding [of the religion] I would seriously reprimand him.”(15)

15) قال الإمام الصّادق عليه السّلام: لستُ أُحب أن أرى الشاب منكم إلاّ غاديا في حالين: إمّا عالـما أو متعلما. فإن لـم يفعل فرّط، فإنّ فرّط ضيّع, فإنّ ضيّع أثـم، وإنْ أثـم سكن النار والّذي بعث محمّدا بالحق.

15. Im?m Jafar ibne Muhammad as-??diq (a.s.) has said: “I do not like to see the youth from amongst yourselves except that he/she is passing the life in one of two states: either as a scholar or as a student.  So then if he is not in one of these two states then he is one who has wasted (something) and surely the one who wastes is one who has squandered something and surely the act of squandering is a sin and the person who commits a sin shall reside in the Hell Fire – I swear by the one who appointed Muhammad with The Truth.”(16)

The greatness of a Young person who worships "Allah

16) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: إنّ اللّه تعالى يحب الشاب التائب.

16. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “Surely All?h, the High, loves the young person who is repents [for his sins].”(17)

17) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: ما من شيء أحب إلى اللّه تعالى من شاب تائب، وما من شيء أبغض إلى اللّه تعالى من شيخ مقيم على معاصيه.

17. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “There is nothing more beloved to All?h, the High, than a young person who repents (for his sins); and there is nothing more detested in the sight of All?h, the High, than an old person who perpetuates in disobeying Him.”(18)

18) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: إنّ اللّه تعالى يباهي بالشابّ العابد الـملائكة، يقول: أنظروا إلى عبدي! ترك شهوته من أجلي.

18. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “Surely All?h, The High, boasts to the Angels in regards to the young person who is a servant (of His) and He says, ‘Look towards my servant!  He has refrained from following his lowly desires for My sake alone.’”(19)

19) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: فضل الشاب العابد الذي تعبّد في صباه على الشيخ الذي تعبّد بعد ما كبرت سنّه كفضل الـمرسلين على سائر الناس.

19. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “The greatness of the worshipper of All?h who is a youth and who worships All?h while in the stage of his youth over the old person who worships [All?h] after he has become of old age is like the greatness of the deputed ones [the Prophets and Messengers] over all other creations.”(20)

20) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: سبعة في ظلّ عرش اللّه عزّ وجلّ يوم لا ظلّ إلاّ ظلّه: إمام عادل، وشاب نشأ في عبادة اللّه عزّ وجلّ.

20. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “There are seven individuals who shall be protected under the shade of the Throne [Power] of All?h, the Noble and Grand on the day when there shall be no shade except for His shade: the just leader … and the youth who spent his time in the worship of All?h, the Noble and Grand.”(21)

The greatness of the person who spends his Youth in the obidience to Allah

21) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: ما من شاب يدع للّه الدنيا ولـهوها وأهرم شبابه في طاعة الله إلاّ أعطاه اللّه أجر إثنين وسبعين صدّيقاً.

21. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “There is not a single young person who turns away from the transient world and its pleasures only for the [pleasure] of All?h and spends his youth in the obedience of All?h until he reaches to old age, except that All?h would grant him the reward of seventy-two truthful [and righteous] people.”(22)

22) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: إنّ أحب الخلائق إلى اللّه عزّ وجلّ شاب حدث السن في صورة حسنة جعل شبابه وجماله للّه وفي طاعته، ذلك الذي يباهي به الرحمن ملائكته, يقول: هذا عبدي حقّا.

22. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “Surely the most beloved of the creations to All?h, the Noble and Grand, is the youth who is young in age and who is a very handsome/beautiful individual however he places his youth and his beauty in All?h and in His obedience alone.  This is the thing for which the Most Merciful [Al-Rahm?n] boasts to His Angels about and says, ‘This is truly my servant.’”(23)

23) قال رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وآله و سلّم: إنّ اللّه يحب الشاب الذي يفني شبابه في طاعة اللّه تعالى.

23. The Messenger of All?h (s.w.a.) has said: “Surely All?h loves that young person who spends his youth in the obedience of All?h, the Most High.” (24)

24) قال النبي إبراهيم عليه السلام: لمـا أصبح فرأى في لحيته شيبا - شعرة بيضاء - : ألحمد للّه ربّ العالـمين الذي بلغني هذا المبلغ ولـم أعص اللّه طرفة عين.

24. It has been narrated about Prophet Ibr?h?m (a.s.) that one day he woke up and saw a white hair in his beard and said: “All praise belongs to All?h, the Lord of the entire universe who has made me reach to this stage in my life in which I have not disobeyed All?h for as much as the twinkling of the eye.” (25)

The definition of a Youth

25) قال الإمام الصّادق عليه السّلام: لسليمان بن جعفر الـهذلي - : يا سليمان من الفتى؟ قال: قلت: جعلت فداك الفتى عندنا الشابّ, قال (عليه السّلام) لي: أما علمت أن أصحاب الكهف كانوا كلهم كهولا فسماهم اللّه فتية بإيـمانـهم؟! يا سليمان من آمن باللّه وأتّقى فهو الفتى.

25. Im?m Jafar ibne Muhammad as-??diq (a.s.) said the following to Sulaym?n ibne Jafar Al-Hadhal?: “O’ Sulaym?n, what is meant by a young person [Al-Fat?]?”  He said, “May I be sacrificed for your sake.  In our opinion, a young person [Al-Fat?] is a youth [Al-Sh?bb].”  The Im?m said to me, “However you should know that surely the Companions of the Cave [A?h?bul Kahf] were all old people, however All?h refers to them as youth who have true faith?!  O’ Sulaym?n, the one who believes in All?h and has consciousness of Him is a young person.”(26)

26) قال الإمام الصّادق عليه السّلام: - لرجل – ما الفتى عندكم؟ فقال له: الشابّ, فقال: لا. الفتى: المؤمن، إنّ أصحاب الكهف كانوا شيوخا فسماهم اللّه عزّ وجلّ فتية بإيـمانـهم.

26. Im?m Jafar ibne Muhammad as-??diq (a.s.) said to a man: “What is meant by a young person [Al-Fat?] in your estimation?”  The man replied, “A youth.”  The Im?m (a.s.) replied, “No, the young person [Al-Fat?] is the true believer.  Surely the Companions of the Cave [A?h?bul Kahf] were all old people, however All?h, Glory and Greatness be to Him, called them youth who believed in Him.”(27)

( قال الإمام الحسن ابن علي المجتبـى عليه السلام:

إنكم صغار قوم و يوشك أن تكونوا كبار قوم آخرين فتعلموا العلم.  فمن لم يستطع منكم أن يحفظه فليكتبه و ليضعه في بيته

Im?m Hasan ibne Al? al-Mujtab? (peace be upon him) has said:

“Surely today you are the youth of the nation, and tomorrow, you will be the leaders of the community, thus, it is incumbent upon you to seek knowledge.  So then if you are not able to memorize all that you learn, then you must write it down and preserve it (for safe keeping) so that you can refer to it later on (when you need it).”

Bih?rul Anw?r, Volume 2, Page 152, Had?th 37

Notes:

[1]Al-Ikhti???, Page 343

[2]Ghururul Hikm,Had?th 4768

[3] Ibid., Had?th 5764

[4]You should know that people are of two categories of which the one category is the young person who has distanced himself from following the desires of his lower passions and is distanced from the ignorance which is accompanied by the period of the youth.  He has a desire to gravitate towards goodness and to distance himself from bad traits and it is in regards to this type of youth that the Messenger of All?h (blessings of All?h be upon him and his family) has said:يعجب ربك من شاب ليست له صبوة“Your Lord is amazed to see a young person who has distanced himself from following the desires of his lower passions and is distanced from the ignorance which is accompanied by the period of the youth.”

[5]Kanzul `Umm?l, Had?th 43058

[6]Am?li of al-??s?, Page 302 and 598

[7]Nahjul Bal?gha, Sermon 233

[8]Tuhaful `Uq?l, Page 70

[9]Qurbul Isn?d, Page 128 and 450

[10]Bih?rul Anw?r, Volume 1, Page 222, Had?th 6 & Page 224, Had?th 13

[11] Ibid.,

[12]Kanzul `Umm?l, Had?th 28843

[13]Tanb?yatul Khaw?tir, Page 37

[14]Fiqhul Ri??, Page 337

[15]Al-Mah?sin, Volume 1, Pages 357 and 760

[16]Am?l? of Al-????, Pages 303 and 604

[17]Kanzul `Umm?l, Had?th 10185

[18] Ibid., Had?th 10233

[19]Ibid., Had?th 43057

[20]Kanzul `Umm?l, Had?th 43059

[21]Al-Khis?l, Page 343, Had?th 8

[22]Mak?rimul Akhl?q, Volume 2, Page 373

[23]Kanzul `Umm?l, Had?th 43103

[24]Kanzul `Umm?l, Had?th 43060

[25]Illulush Shar?`iyah, Volume 2, Page 104, Had?th 2

[26]Tafs?r al-`Ay?shi, Volume 2, Page 323, Had?th 11

[27]Al-K?f?, Volume 8, Page 395 and 595?

 

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