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    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (10) al-Hess al-'ᾱmm: A term used by al-Kharazmi to denote common sense. See also al-hiss al-mushtarik. Hᾱl: An intermediate "mode of existence", between being and non-being. In tasawwuf the ...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (10) al-Hass al-'ᾱmm: A term used by al-Khawarizmi to denote common sense. See also al-hiss al-mushtarik. Has hiyatain: Lit. "two margins or limits"; technically the term denotes the doctrine of the p...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (9)  al-Jadal: The Arabic title given to Aristotle’s fifth book on logic, viz.Topica; seeTubiqa. Jiddah: The category of "state" or possession as one of the ten Aristotelian categories (al-maqulat al...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (8)  Tafṣil al-murakkab: The fallacy of division Taqabul: The relation of opposition between two concepts or states which cannot be asserted of a thing or an individual at the same time and in the same ...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms (7)
    • (7) al-Tasu‘at: "The group of Nines", i.e. the Enneads, a work by Plotinus (al-Shaikh al-Yunani) in 54 books, arranged and edited by his pupil Porphyry ( Firfuriyus ) into 6 groups or sets of 9 (enna) on the gr...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (6) Bariqah: A flash of illumination or inspiration from God in the soul of man, which does not tarry long. Bari Irminiyas: De Interpretatione (The Interpretation), the title of the second of Aristotle’s book on ...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (5) Al-ummahat al-sufliyah: “the lower mothers”: and expression used to denote the four elements: fire, air, water, and earth. Al-ummahat al-‘ulwiyah: “the higher mothers”: as opposed to al-ummahat al-sufliyah (the l...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (4) Al-usul al-muta'arafah: Self-evident first principles or axioms like a part is less than the whole of which it is part, equals added to equals are equals or two contradictories cannot be true of the same thing a...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms (3)
    • (3) Arshimidus: Archimedes (C. 287-212 B.C.): Greek mathematician, physicist and engineer known especially for his work in mechanics and hydrostatics. Famous for the discovery of the principle that a body immersed in fluid...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (2) Al-ajsad al-saba'ah:" The seven bodies": an expression used by the philosophers to denote seven kinds of minerals or metals: gold , silver, lead, black lead, iron , copper and a hard glass substance. A...
    • Dictionary of Islamic Philosophical Terms
    • rms (1) Ibtihaj: bliss; ecstasy; happiness; to enjoy God, i.e. to have the bliss and beatitude of the experience of the Divine. Abad: Eternala parte post, i.e. eternal without end as opposed toazal(q.v.), eternal a part...