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    • Surat ar Roum The Romans
    • One of the important topics discussed in Sura ar¬Rum is the proof of the Creator present in the many wonders of creation around us...
    • Surat ad Dukhan The Smoke
    • The sura derives its name from ayat no.10 which warns of a clearly visible smoke descending on the unbelievers. Some commentators believe it refers to the smoke...
    • surat al'ankabut the spider
    • The sura has been named Ankabut because of ayat no.41 which talks of the fraility of the false gods, comparing them to the web of a spider..
    • AL-LAHAB
    • Name The Surah takes its name from the word Lahab in the first verse. Period of Revelation Although the commentators have not disputed its being a Makki Surah, yet it is difficult to determine in which phase of ...
    • al-KAUTHAR
    • Name The Surah has been so designated after the word al-kauthar occurring in the first verse. Period of Revelation Ibn Marduyah has cited Abdullah bin Abbas, Abdullah bin az-Zubair and Aishah as saying that this Su...
    • Al- Kafirun
    • Name The Surah takes its name from the word al-kafirun occurring in the first verse. Period of Revelation Abdullah bin Masud, Hasan Basri and Ikrimah, say that this Surah, is Makki, while Abdullah bin Zubair sa...
    • Al-Ikhlas
    • hlas Name Al-Ikhlas is not merely the name of this Surah but also the title of its contents, for it deals exclusively with Tauhid. The other Surahs of the Quran generally have been designated after a word occurring...
    • AL-FALAQ
    • ALAQ Name Although these two Surahs of the Qur'an are separate entities and are written in the Mushaf also under separate names, yet they are so deeply related mutually and their contents so closely resemble each other'...
    • Al NAS
    • NAS Name Although these two Surahs of the Qur'an are separate entities and are written in the Mushaf also under separate names, yet they are so deeply related mutually and their contents so closely resemble each oth...
    • Al-FIL (The Elephant)
    • This is unanimously a Makki Surah; and if it is studied against its historical background it appears that it must have been sent down in the very earliest stage at Mecca.
    • Al-Humazah (The Gossipmonger)
    • ger) Name The Surah takes its name from the wordhumazah occurring in the first verse. Period of Revelation All commentators are agreed that it is a Makki Surah; a study of its subject matter and style shows that this too i...
    • Al-'ASR (Eventide)
    • Name The Surah takes its name from the wordal-'asr occurring in the first verse. Period of Revelation Although Mujahid, Qatadah and Muqatil regard it as a Madani Surah, yet a great majority of the commentators opine th...
    • Al-Takathur (Competition)
    • ion) Name The Surah taken its name from the wordal- takathur in the first verse. Period of Revelation Abu Hayyan and Shaukani say that this Surah, according to all commentators, is Makki, and this same is the well known vi...
    • Al-Qari'ah (The Stunning [Blow])
    • Name The Surah takes its name from its first wordal- qari'ah. This is not only a name but also the title of its subject matter, for the Surah is devoted to Resurrection. Period of Revelation There is no dispute about its ...
    • Al-ZILZAL (The Earthquake)
    • ake) Name It is derived from the wordzilzal in the first verse. Period of Revelation Whether or not it was revealed atMecca or Medina, is disputed. Ibn Masud, 'Ata, Jabir, and Mjahid say that it is a Makki Surah and a sta...
    • Al-QADR (Power)
    • (Power) Name The Surah has been so designated after the word al-qadr in the very first verse. Period of Revelation Whether it is a Makki or a Madani revelation is disputed. Abu Hayyan inAl-Bahr al-Muhti has made the claim th...
    • Al-BAYYINAH (Evidence)
    • nce) Name The Surah is so designated after the word al-bayyinah occurring at the end of the first verse. Period of Revelation Where it was revealed, atMecca or Madinah, is also disputed. Some commentators say it is a M...
    • Al-ADIYAT (The Chargers)
    • gers) Name The Surah has been so entitled after the wordal 'adiyat with which it opens. Period of Revelation Whether it is a Makki or a Madani Surah is disputed. Abdullah bin Masud, Jabir, Hasan Basri, Ikrimah, and Ata say...
    • AT-TIN (The Figtree)
    • ree) Name The Surah has been so named after the very First wordat-tin. Period of Revelation According to Qatadah, this Surah is Madani. Two different views have been reported from Ibn Abbas: first that it is a Makki Surah, ...
    • Al-'ALAQ (The Clot)
    • ot) Name The Surah is so entitled after the word `alaq in the second verse. Period of Revelation This Surah has two parts: the first part consists of vv. 1-5, and the second of vv. 6-19. About the first part a great majorit...
    • Al-DUHA (Morning Bright)
    • Bright) Name The Surah takes its name Al-ḌUHA from the very first word. Period of Revelation Its subject matter clearly indicates that it belongs to the earliest period atMecca. Traditions also show that the revelation...
    • ALAM-NASHRAH (Consolation)
    • ion) Name The Surah is so designated after the first sentence. Period of Revelation Its subject matter so closely resembles that of Surah Al-Ḍuha that both these Surah seem to have been revealed in about the same per...
    • Al-SHAMS (The Sun)
    • Sun) Name The Surah has been so designated after the word ash-shams with which it opens. Period of Revelation The subject matter and the style show that this Surah too was revealed in the earliest period atMecca at a stage w...
    • AL-LAIL (Night)
    • ht) Name The Surah takes its name from the wordwal-lail with which it opens. Period of Revelation Its subject matter so closely resembles that of Surah Ash-Shams that each Surah seems to be an explanation of the other. It is...
    • AL-BALAD ([This] Countryside)
    • ide) Name The Surah has been so named after the wordal balad in the first verse. Period of Revelation Its subject matter and style resemble those of the earliest Surahs revealed at Mecca, but it contains a pointer which indi...
    • AL- GHASHIYAH (The Pall)
    • all) Name The Surah takes its name from the word al-ghishiyah in the first verse. Period of Revelation The whole subject matter of the Surah indicates that this too is one of the earliest Surahs to be revealed; but this wa...
    • AL-FAJR (Daybreak)
    • eak) Name The Surah is so designated after the wordwal-fajr with which it opens. Period of Revelation Its contents show that it was revealed at the stage when persecution of the new converts to Islam had begun inMecca. On ...
    • Al-TARIQ (The Nightcomer)
    • omer) Name The Surah taken its name from the wordal-tariq in its first verse. Period of Revelation The style of its subject matter resembles that of the earliest Surahs revealed at Mecca, but this surah was sent down at a st...
    • AL-INSHIQAQ
    • IQAQ (Splitting Open) Name Itis derivedfromthewordinshaqqatinthefirstverse.Inshaqqatisinfinitivewhichmeanstosplitasunder,thereby implyingthatitisthe Surahinwhichmentionhasbeenmadeofthesplittingasunderofthe heavens. P...
    • AL-BURUJ (Constellations)
    • ons) Name The Surah is so designated after the wordal buruj appearing in the first verse. Period of Revelation The subject matter itself indicates that this Surah was sent down atMecca in the period when persecution of the M...
    • 'ABASA (He Frowned)
    • Name The Surah is so designated after the word`abasa with which it opens. Period of Revelation The commentators and traditionists are unanimous about the occasion of the revelation of this Surah. According to them, once some...
    • AL-MUTAFFIFIN
    • IFIN (The Cheats or: Cheating) Name It is derived from the very first verse; Wayl-ul-lil mutaffifin. Period of Revelation The style of the Surah and its subject matter clearly show that it was revealed in the earli...
    • AL-INFITAR
    • ITAR (Bursting Apart) Name It is derived from the wordinfatarat in the first verse.Infitar is an infinitive which means to burst or split asunder, thereby implying that it is the Surah in which the splitting asunde...
    • Al-TAKWIR
    • WIR (Extinguished or: Wrapping things up) Name Itis derived from the wordkuwwirat in the first verse.Kuwwirat is passive voice fromtakwir in the past tense, and means "that which is folded up", th...
    • Al- NAZI'AT([Soul-] Snatchers)
    • rs) Name Itis derivedfromthewordwan-nazi`atwithwhichthe Surah opens. Period of Revelation Accordingto Abdullahbin Abbas,this Surahwassentdownafter Surah An-Naba.Itssubjectmatteralso testifiesthatit belongstotheearlie...
    • AL –NABA (The announcement)
    • cement) Name The Surah derived its name from the wordan-Naba in the second verse. This is not only a name but also a title of its subject matter, forNaba implies the news of Resurrection and Hereafter and the whole Surah is ...
    • AL –MURSALAT ([Winds] Sent Forth)
    • rth) Name The Surah takes its name from the word wal-mursalat in the first verse. Period of Revelation Its subject matter bears full evidence that it was revealed in the earliest period atMecca. If this Surah is read tog...
    • AL-QIYAMAH (Resurrection)
    • rection) Name The Surahhasbeenso namedafterthewordal- Qiyamahinthefirstverse.Thisisnotonlythenamebutalsothetitleofthis Surah,foritisdevotedtoResurrectionitself. Period of Revelation Althoughthereisnotraditiontoind...
    • AL-MUDDATHTHIR (The Man Wearing a Cloak)
    • ak) Name The Surah takes its name from the word al- muddaththir in the first verse. This also is only a name, not a title of its subject matter. Period of Revelation The first seven verses of this Surah belong to the earl...
    • AL MUZZAMMIL (Bundled up)
    • dled up) Name The Surah has been so designated after the wordal-muzzammil occurring in the very first verse. This is only a name and not a title of its subject matter. Period of Revelation The two sections of this Surah ...
    • JINN (Sprites)
    • s) Name "Al-Jinn" is the name of this Surah as well as the title of its subject matter, for in it the event of the Jinn's hearing the Qur'an and returning to their people to preach Islam to them, has been related i...
    • NUH
    • NUH Name "Nuh" is the name of this Surah as well as the title of its subject matter, for in it, from beginning to the end, the story of the Prophet Noah has been related. Period of Revelation This also is one...
    • AL-HAAQQAH
    • AQQAH (The Reality) Name The Surah takes its name from the wordal-Haaqqah with which it opens. Period of Revelation This too is one of the earliest surahs to be revealed at Mecca. Its subject matter shows that it was se...
    • AL-QALAM (The Pen)
    • he Pen) Name This Surah is calledNun as well asAl-Qalam, the words with which it begins. Period of Revelation This too is one of the earliest surahs to be revealed atMecca, but its subject matter shows that it was sent...
    • AL-MULK (Sovereignty)
    • ereignty) Name The Surah takes its nameal-Mulk from the very first sentence. Period of Revelation Itcouldnotbeknownfromanyauthentictraditionwhenthis Surahwas revealed,butthesubjectmatterandthestyleindicatethatitisoneofthee...
    • Al-Talaq (Divorce)
    • (Divorce) Name At-Talaqisnotonlythenameofthis Surahbutalsothetitleofitssubjectmatter,forit contains commandmentsaboutTalaq(divorce)itself. `Abdullahbin Mas'udhas describeditasSurah an-Nisa al-qusraalso,i.e.theshorter Surah...
    • Al – Munafiqun (Hypocrites)HHHh
    • tes)HHHh Name The Sura takes its name from the sentenceIdha jaa kal-munafiquna of verse 1. This is the name of the Sura as well as the title of its subject matter, for in it a review has been made of the conduct and attit...
    • AL-JUMU`A (Friday)
    • y) Name It is derived from the sentenceidha nudiya-lis-salat-imin-yaum-il- Jumu'ati of verse 9. Although in this Surah injunctions about the Friday congregational Prayer also have been given, yet "Jumu'ah" is no...