Martyr Mostafa Chamran(1311-31 Khordad 1360/1932-21 June 1981)
Chamran was born in 1932 inTehran. At 15, he began his activities with Islamic associations, participating in classes of commentary on the Qur'an by Late Ayatollah Taleghani and those of logic and philosophy by Martyr Professor Motahari.
Enjoying a government scholarship for talented students, he went to theUnited States for a period of 14 years and earned his master's degree from the University of Texas. He then went on to get hisPh.D. in electronics and plasma physics
with excellent grades from theUniversity of California at Berkeley. He entered research on satellites and powerful radars with Bell Laboratories.
He had complete mastery over English and Arabic and also knew French and German. His most important political activities abroad were organizing and training guerrilla and revolutionary forces inAlgeria, Egypt, Lebanon and Syria.
Chamran participated in guerrilla activities in liberation wars againstIsrael and the Phalanges. For eight years he assumed responsibility for managing the Technical School of Jabal-Amel in southern Lebanon.
At the time of the victory of the Islamic Revolution
under the leadership of Imam Khomeini,
Chamran returned toIran. Initially, he became commander of the government division of the Revolutionary Guards. He was deputy prime minister for revolutionary affairs and was later appointed minister of defense.
Dr. Chamran participated actively in theKurdistan wars and commanded the rescue forces of Paveh, Nosood, Marivan, Baneh, and Sardasht. In March 1980, the people ofTehran elected him representative to the Islamic Consultative Assembly
Late Imam Khomeini selected Chamran as his military adviser and his representative to the Supreme Council of Defense.
At the time of the Iraqi invasion he went toAhvaz, bravely fighting and never left the front.
Chamran wrote many articles on political, tactical and ideological topics. Most of them were published without any author listed. In his own opinion, his ideological and intellectual activities were more important than his scientific, political or guerrilla activities.
Dr. Mostafa Chamran, the researcher, scientist, crusader and challenging guerrilla achieved martyrdom during the Iraqi-imposed war onSunday, June 21, 1981 by a bomb splinter in thevillage of Dehlaviyeh.Taken From: http://www.irib.ir/occasions/chamran/chamranen.htm