Ibn Abi al-Hadid
, Sharh Nahj al-Balaghah, ed.M. Abu al-Fadhl Ibrahim, 20 vols.; Cairo, 1959-1964.Ibn Abi Shayba,
'Abd Allah ibn Muhammad (b. 775 or 776, d. 235/849), Al-Kitab al-musannaf fi l-ahadith wa-l-athar, 15 vols., ed. 'Abd al-Khaliq Khan al-Afghani, Mukhtar Ahmad al-Nadwi, and 'Amir al-Umari al-Azami,Bombay, 1399-1403/1966-83. Also: Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah fi al-ahadith wa-al-athar, ed. Sa`id al-Lahham, 9 vols., Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1989. Also: Al-Kitab al-Musannaf fi al-ahadith wa-al-athar, ed. Kamal Yusuf al-Hut, 7 vols., Beirut: Dar al-Taj, 1989.
Index: Muhammad Salim Ibrahim Samarah, et. al., under supervision of Samir Taha al-Majdhub, Fihris al-hadith wa al-athar al-Kitab al-Musannaf li-l-Imam al-Hafiz 'Abd Allah ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Shayba, 4 vols., 1st ed., Beirut, 'Alam al-Kutub, 1989. Note: al-qism 1-2, murataban 'ala al-huruf al-mu'ajam; al-qism 3-4 murataban 'ala al-masanid.
Ibn Abi Hatim al-Razi,
'Abdur Rahman (d. 327/938), Al-Jarh wa al-ta'dil, with introduction, 9 volumes, Hyderabad, 1360-1373.Two index volumes published separately: Abu Hajir Muhammad al-Sa`id ibn Basyuni Zaghlul, Fihris "al-Jarh wa-al-ta`dil",Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyah, 1988; Muhammad Salih ibn `Abd al-`Aziz Murad, Faharis "K. al-Jarh wa-al-ta`dil, Jedda: Maktabat Dar al-Wafa', 1987.
Al-Jarh wa al-ta'dil comprises mainly evaluations from Abu Zur`ah al-Razi (d. 264/878) and the author's father, Abu Hatim al-Razi (d. 277/890). Few dates or other biographical details.
Abu Ahmad 'Abdallah, al-Kamil fi dhu'afa al-rijal, ed. S. Zakkâr, 8 vols., Beirut, 1988.Ibn al-Athir
, Usd al-ghaba fi ma'rifat al-sahaba,Cairo, 1280.
---, al-Kamil fi 'l-ta'rikh.
, Abu al-Qasim 'Ali b. al-Hasan (AC 1105-1176), Tarikh madina Dimashq: wa dhikr fadhliha wa tasmiya man hallaha min al-amathil aw ijtaza bi nawahiha min waridiha wa ahliha, ed. Muhibb al-Din Abi Sa'id Umar ibn Gharmah al-Amrawi, Beirut, Dar al-Fikr, 1995-.Ibn al-Baqillani
, Muhammad ibn al-Tayyib (d. AH 403), al-Tamhid fi al-radd 'ala al-mulhada wa al-rafidha wa al-khawarij wa al-mu'tazila, edited and with an introduction by Mahmud Muhammad al-Khadhiri and Muhammad 'Abd al-Hadi Abu Ryda, Dar al-fikr al-'arabi, n.d.
In addition to a thirty page introduction, the book also devotes fourteen pages to al-Baqillani's tarjama, quoted from the book tartib al-madarik wa taqrib al-masalik li ma'rifat a'lam madhhab al-imam malik by al-qadhi 'ayyadh b. musa al-yahsubi al-sabti (d. 544).
Relevant sections include, but are not limited to bab al-qawl fi ma'na al-khabar, bab al-kalam fi aqsam al-akhbar, bab al-kalam fi ithbat al-tawatur wa istihala al-kizb 'ala ahlihi, bab akhar fi sifat ahl al-tawatur, bab akhar fi khabar al-wahid, which cover pp. 160-177.
Ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani
, Ahmad b. Nur al-Din (d. 852/1449) Tahdhib al-Tahdhib, 12 vols.,Hyderabad, Deccan: Da'irat al-Ma'arif al- Nizamiyya, 1325-27/1907-10. Also: 8 vols., ed. 'Ali Muhammad al-Bijawi, Cairo: Dar Nahdat Misr li'l-Tab' wa'l-Naskh, 1970-72. Also: 14 vols., Beirut: Dar al-Fikr lil-Tiba`ah wa-al-Nashr, 1984-1988 (a resetting of the Hyderabad edition, with 2 vols. of indices at the end). Also: 12 vols., ed. Mustafa `Abd al-Qadir `Ata', Beirut, Dar al-Kutub al-`Ilmiyah, 1994 (includes some cross-references and a few textual emendations).Tahdhib al-Tahdhib is the single most convenient biographical dictionary of hadith transmitters mentioned in the Six Books. It is an abridgement of al-Mizzi, Tahdhib al-Kamal, stressing lists of authorities and evaluations from famous rijal critics, usually omitting the discussion of individual hadith reports. -CM
---, Lisan al-Mizan, 7 vols., Hyderabad, Deccan: Da'irat al-Ma'arif al-Nizamiyya, 1329-31/1911-13.
Lisan al-Mizan quotes the entire text of Mizan al-i`tidal concerning men not in the Six Books, i.e., not covered in Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib "al-Tahdhib". To most biographies, it then adds comments, mostly additional evaluations from rijal critics. Together with Tahdhib "al-Tahdhib", it makes a good reference of first resort for traditionists of the first three centuries. It is sometimes represented as a biographical dictionary of weak transmitters, but this is an unfair generalization, for every traditionist who lived in the 4th/10th century and after necessarily did not appear in any of the Six Books. -CM
---, Taqrib "al-Tahdhib", ed. `Abd al-Wahhab `Abd al-Latif,Medina: M. Sultan al-N*m*n*ka:ni:, 1380). Another edition: ed. Muhammad `Awwamah, 3rd edn., Aleppo: Dar al-Rashid, 1992.
This is a succinct précis of Tahdhib "al-Tahdhib", giving for each transmitter mentioned in the Six Books name, date (or generation--useful for the many without dates), and a one- or two-word evaluation of trustworthiness, together with abbreviations indicating in which of the Six Books he appears.
---, Ta'jil al-manfa'a bi-zawa'id rijal al-a'immah al-arba'a,Hyderabad: Matba'at Majlis Dairat al-Ma`arif al-Nizamiyah, 1323.
This book deals with traditionists who do not appear in the Six Books but do appear in the musnads of the 4 imams, mainly Malik (al-Muwatta'), al-Shafi`i (the musnad assembled by Abu al-`Abbas al-Asamm, or rather his disciple Muhammad ibn Ja`far ibn Matar), Ahmad (al-Musnad), and Abu Hanifah (the musnad assembled by Ibn Khusraw al-Balkhi (d. 526/1131-32), with extras brought in from al-Daraqutni, Kitab al-Ghara'ib `an Malik, al-Bayhaqi, Ma`rifat al-sunan wa-al-athar, Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Kitab al-Zuhd, and Muhammad ibn al-Hasan al-Shaybani, Kitab al-Athar. Ibn Hajar's book is a reworking of al-Husayni (d.Cairo, 765/1364), al-Tadhkirah bi-rijal al-`asharah.
---, Tabsir al-muntabih bi-tahrir "al-Mushtabih", ed. Muhammad `Ali al-Najjar, supervised by `Ali Muhammad al-Bijawi, Turathuna, 4 vols., Cairo: al-Dar al-Misriyah lil-Ta'lif wa-al-Tarjamah, 1964-1967.
Based on al-Dhahabi, Kitab al-Mushtabih. Some prefer the earlier Ibn Makula, al-Ikmal fi raf` al-irtiyab `an al-mu'talif wa-al-mukhtalif min al-asma' wa-al-kuna wa-al-ansab, ed. `Abd al-Rahman ibn Yahya al-Mu`allimi al-Yamani, al-Silsilah al-jadidah, 6 vols., Hyderabad: Da'irat al-Ma`arif al-`Uthmaniyah, 1962-1967, but I more often find what I need in Ibn Hajar. Both books are devoted to advice on pointing names.
--, Al-Isaba fi tamyiz as-sahaba, 4 vols.,Cairo, 1358.
---, Fath al-Bari bi sharh sahih al-Bukhari, ed. by M. Fuwad, 'Abdul Baqi,Cairo, 1380. Also: 14 vols, ed. 'Abd al-'Aziz b. 'Abdullah b. Baz, Muhammad Fu'ad 'Abd al-Baqi and Muhibb al-Din al-Khatib, Beirut: Dar al-Ma'rifa, 1959-70.
This is the best known commentary on Bukhari's Sahih. -BS
---, Hady al-Sari, 2 vols., Cairo, 1383.
This is the introduction to the author's Fath al-Bari, a commentary on Bukhari's Sahih. Mohammad Fadel has translated the first four chapters of this work in "Ibn Hajar's Hady al-Sari: A Medieval Interpretation of the Structure of al-Bukhari's al-Jami' al-Sahih: Introduction and Translation," Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 54, no. 3, 1995, pp. 161-197. He explains: "Hady al-sari is a lengthy work. Much of it consists of indexes: a glossary of rare words found in the Sahih, vocalizations of ambiguous proper names, full identification of the transmitters al-Bukhari cited in his work, etc. The first four chapters, however, present his view of the generic features of Sahih al-Bukhari as a text. In these chapters, Ibn Hajar is concerned with revealing the structure of the work and explaining the complexities which arise in this work as a result of its structure."
(Ibn Babawayh) [al-Qummi], Muhammad b. 'Ali (306-381), Man la yahdhuruh al-faqih, Najaf: al-Islamiyya, 1378/1958.The author is known also as Shaikh Saduq. One of the main Shiite collections of hadiths, this book covers only legal matters.
al-Busti, Muhammad (d. 354/965), Sahih ibn Hibban, 1st vol., Cairo, 1952.The hadiths in this book are arranged neither as in a musannaf nor as in a musnad. Ali b. Balban (d. 739/1339) rearranged the hadiths and published them as al-Ihsan fi taqrib Sahih Ibn Hibban. Ibn Hibban's collection contains 2647 hadiths that do not appear in the collections of Bukhari or Muslim, and these are published in legal order in the book Mawarid al-zam'an ila zawa'id Ibn Hibban by Nur al-Din 'Ali b. Abi Bakr al-Haythami (d. 807/1405).
---, Majruhin min al-muhaddithin, Aya Sofya Ms. No. 496,Istanbul.
---, Kitab al-Majruhin min al-muhaddithin wa-al-dhu`afa' wa-al-matrukin, ed. Mahmud Ibrahim Zayid, 3 vols., Aleppo: Dar al-Wa`y, 2nd. ed. 1402.
Kitab al-Thiqat, ed. Muhammad `Abd al-Mu`id Khan, 9 vols.,Hyderabad: Matba`at Majlis Da'irat al-Ma`arif al-`Uthmaniyah, 1973-1983.
Ibn Hibban was noted as a lenient rijal critic, tending to give traditionists the benefit of the doubt rather than to dismiss them as, for example, majhul.
'Abdalmalik, see: Ibn Ishaq.Ibn Ishaq,
One Recension: [author also listed as: Ibn Hisham, Abdalmalik], Sirah Sayyidina Muhammad rasul Allah. Das Leben Muhammemd's nach M. Ibn Ishaq, ed. F. Wüstenfeld, 2 vols., Göttingen, 1858-60 (Ibn Hisham's recension). Other recension: Kitab al-siyar wa al-maghazi, ed. Zakkâr, Beirut, 1978 (al-'Utâridî's transmission from Yunus b. Bukair's recension of Ibn Ishaq's Kitab al-Maghazi).
Translated into English by A. Guillaume as The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah ,OxfordUniv. Press,Karachi, 1955.
For two critical reviews of Guillaume's translation which offer some corrections refer to Serjeant, R.B, BSOAS, 1958, vol. 21, Part 1, pp. 1-14 and Tibawi, Abdul Latif, Islamic Quarterly, vol. 3, no. 3, 1956, pp. 196-214.
The following review was written in entirety by Alford Welch: "Ibn Ishaq's Sirah or Maghazi is extant is two recensions, one by Ibn Hisham, used by Guillaume and often listed as the "author" of this translation, and another by Yunus ibn Bukayr (d. 814). Guillaume has attempted to reconstruct Ibn Ishaq's original work by beginning with Ibn Hisham's recension, placing all of his additions in the back as notes, and then inserting long excerpts that were deleted by Ibn Hisham, but have been preserved in works such as al-Tabari's Ta'rikh."
(d. 597/1200), Kitab al-Mawdu'at, ed. `Abd al-Rahman `Uthman, 3 vols.,Medina: al-Maktabah al-Salafiyah, 1966-1968.A collection of hadiths considered by the author as fabrications.
Abu al-Fida 'Imad al-Din Isma'il b. 'Umar, Tafsir, 7 vols., Beirut, 1968. Also: Tafsir al-Qur'an al-'Azim, Aleppo, 1980.See Calder, 1993.
---, al-Bidaya wa al-Nihaya fi al-tarikh, 14 vols.,Cairo, 1932-29.
---, Nihayat al-bidayah wa-al-nihayah fi al-fitan wa-al-malahim, Abu al-Fida al-Hafiz ibn Kathir al-Dimashqi, Ed. Muhammad Fahim Abu Abiya, al-Riyad: Maktabat al-Nasr al-Hadithah, 1968.
Translated into English: Ibn Kathir, The signs before the day of judgement,London: Dar Al Taqwa, 1991.
, Muhammad b. Khair (d. 575/1179), Fihrist, Baghdad, 1963. The earliest edition: Fahrasat ma rawahu `an shuyukhihi min al-dawawin al-musannafah fi dhurub al-`ilm wa-anwa` al-ma`arif, ed. Franciscus Codera and J. Ribera Tarrago, Zaragosa, 1893.Ibn Khaldun
"The sciences concerned with Prophetic traditions" in al-muqaddimah, translated by Rosenthal, Franz, as The Muqaddimah: an introduction to history, New York: Bollingen Foundation, Inc., 1958, second edition 1967. Reprinted Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ISBN 0-691-09797-6 (set), 3 volumes.
According to Akram Safadi, Chapter VI, Section 11, 2/447-463 is relevant.
, Muhammad b. Yazid (d. 273/886), Sunan, 2 vols., ed. M.F. Abd al-Baqi, Cairo, 1373/1952-3.Contains 4,341 hadiths. Of these, 3002 appear also in the collections of Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, and Nasa'i.
, al-Ikmal fi raf` al-irtiyab `an al-mu'talif wa-al-mukhtalif min al-asma' wa-al-kuna wa-al-ansab, ed. `Abd al-Rahman ibn Yahya al-Mu`allimi al-Yamani, al-Silsilah al-jadidah, 6 vols., Hyderabad: Da'irat al-Ma`arif al-`Uthmaniyah, 1962-1967. Devoted to advice on pointing names.Ibn al-Nadim
(d. 380's/990's?), Kitab al-Fihrist, 2 vols., ed. Gustav Flügel, with Johannes Roedigger and August Mueller,Leipzig: F. C. W. Vogel, 1872. Also: Kitab al-Fihrist, ed. Ridha-Tajaddud, Tehran: Maktabat al-Asadi, 1350.
Translated into English by Bayard Dodge as The Fihrist of al-Nadim, 2 vols.,New York: Columbia University Press, 1970.
A list of books, arranged with biographical information by topic, then by the names of authors in roughly chronological order. Most, of course, are no longer extant; however, even titles are often useful to know. Bayard Dodge's translation is unreliable. To be used with J. W. Fück, "Neue Materialien zum Fihrist," ZDMG 90 (1936):298-321; idem, "Some Hitherto Unpublished Texts on the Mu`tazilite Movement From Ibn al-Nadim's Kitab-al-Fihrist," pp. 51-74 in Professor Muhammad Shafi:` Presentation Volume, ed. S. M. Abdullah, Lahore: Majlis-e-Armugha:n-e-`Ilma, 1955; A. J. Arberry, "New Material on the Kitab al-Fihrist of Ibn al-Nadim," Islamic Research Association Miscellany 1 (I.R.A. ser., no. 12, 1948): 19-45. Fück's and Arberry's various addenda and corrigenda were incorporated in this edition: Kitab al-Fihrist, ed. Ridha-Tajaddud,Tehran: Maktabat al-Asadi, 1350. Unfortunately, the new Ridha-Tajaddud edition seems to be hard to find in the original, Iranian printing, while Lebanese reprints confuse matters with new paginations.
(d. 365/975-976?), al-Kamil fi dhu`afa' al-rijal, 6 vols.,Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1984.The author is also known as Ibn `Adi. Apparently there is also a second edition of this work. Includes many allegedly fabricated hadith reports, some of which the author defends. -CM
Abd Allah ibn Muslim, 828-889?, Kitab al-ta'wil mukhtalif al-hadith, Translated and Edited by Gerard Lecomte as Le traite des divergences du hadit d'Ibn Qutayba,Damascus: Institut Français du Damas, 1962, xlviii, 460 p. 25 cm.Ibn Rahawaih
, Ishaq b. Rahawaih, Musnad, Egyptian Library, Ms. No. 776,Cairo.
'Abdur Rahman b. Ahmad al-Hanbali, Sharh 'ilal al-Tirmidhi, Zahiriyya Library Ms., Damascus.Ibn Sa'd,
Muhammad (d. 4 Jum. II 230/16 Feb. 845 C.E.), Kitab Al-Tabaqat al-Kabir, 9 vols. in 15, ed. by E. Sachau, Leiden, 1905-1940. Widely encountered reprint: al-Tabaqat al-kubra, 9 vols., Beirut: Dar Sadir, 1957-1968.
Translated into English as Ibn Sa'd's Kitab al-Tabaqat al-Kabir (The Large Book of the Generations) by Syed Moinul Haq, assisted by H. K. Ghazanfar,Karachi, 1967.
Alford Welch: "Contains more variations of multiple accounts than Ibn Ishaq's work, and also many anecdotes that have parallels in the canonical hadith collections. Volumes 1 and 2 treat the life of Muhammad."
Ibn Saiyid al-Nas
, Muhammad b. 'Abdallah, al-Sira al-nabawiya al-musamma 'Uyun al-athar fi funun al-maghazi wa al-shama'il wa al-siyar, 2 vols.,Beirut, 1986.'Itr
, Nur al-Din,Manhaj al-naqd fi 'ulum al-hadith, Beirut, 1972.