(THE WALLED GARDEN OF THE TRUTH)
HAKIM ABUL-MAJD MAJDUD SANA'I OF QAZNAYNEDITED AND TRANSLATED BY J. STEPHENSON, 
, or the"Enclosed Garden of the Truth"
, commonly called theHadiqa
, is a poem of about 11,500 lines; each line consists of two hemistiches, each of ten or eleven syllables; the bulk, therefore, is equal to about 23,000 lines of English ten-syllabled verse. It is composed in the meter ### which may be represented thus:
The two hemistiches of each verse rhyme; and the effect may therefore roughly be compared to that of English rhymed couplets with the accent falling on the first (instead of the second) syllable of the line, and, occasionally, an additional short syllable introduced in the last foot.
The chapters of which theHadiqa consists treat, according to a few lines of verse at the end of the table of contents in the Lucknow edition, of the following subjects:
, on the Praise of God, and especially on His Unity;The Second
, in praise of Muhammad;
, on the Understanding;The Fourth
, on Knowledge;
, on Love, the Lover, and the Beloved;The Sixth
, on Heedlessness;
, on Friends and Enemies,The Eighth
, on the Revolution of the Heavens;
, in praise of the Emperor Shah jahaan;The Tenth
, on the characters or qualities of the whole work.
This, however, is not the actual arrangement of the work as presented in the volume itself; the first five chapters are as already given, but the Sixth concerns the Universal Soul; the Seventh is on Heedlessness; the Eighth on the Stars; the Ninth on Friends and Enemies; the Tenth on many matters, including the praise of the Emperor. Prof. Browne (Lit. Hist. Persia, vol. ii., p. 318) gives still another order, apparently that of an edition lithographed at Bombay in A.H. 1275 (A.D. 1859).
Sana'i's fame has always rested on hisHadiqa; it is the best known and in the East by far the most esteemed of his works; it is in virtue of this work that he forms one of the great trio of Sufî teachers,--Sana'i, Attar
* AbbreviationsØ ON THE KNOWLEDGE OF GODØ ON THE ASSERTION OF THE UNITYØ ON GOD AS FIRST CAUSEØ ON PURITY OF HEARTØ ON THE BLIND MEN AND THE AFFAIR OF THE ELEPHANTØ ON THE ABOVE ALLEGORYØ OF THOSE WHO HEED NOTØ ON THE STEPS OF ASCENTØ ON THE PROTECTION AND GUARDIANSHIP OF GODØ THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO GIVE ALMSØ ON THE CAUSE OF OUR MAINTENANCEØ OF THE RIGHT GUIDANCEØ ON THE SURRENDER OF THE SELFØ IN HIS MAGNIFICATIONØ ON THE EARNEST STRIVINGØ OF THE TRAVELLER ON THE PATHØ ON BEING SILENTØ THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO HEED NOTØ THE PARABLE OF THE EYE OF THE SQUINT-EYEDØ AGAIN THE PARABLE OF THOSE WHO HEED NOTØ IN PRAISE OF HIS OMNIPOTENCEØ ON THE PROVERBS AND ADMONITIONS 'POVERTY IS BLACKNESS OF THE FACE' (THE RECITAL OF PROVERBS IS THE BEST OF DISCOURSES) AND 'THE WORLD IS A HOUSE OF DEPARTURE AND CHANGING AFFAIRS AND MIGRATION'Ø ON THE NEED OF GOD, AND INDEPENDENCE OF ALL BESIDE HIMØ ON SELF-ABASEMENT AND HUMILITYØ ON THE JUSTICE OF THE PRINCE AND THE SECURITY OF HIS SUBJECTSØ ON CELEBRATING THE PRAISE OF GODØ CONCERNING THE PIOUS DISCIPLE AND THE GREAT MASTERØ CONCERNING THE HOUSE OF DECEPTION
To be continued …