Components of Hadith
A hadith is composed of three parts:1-Matn (text):
It is the original words which the chain of transmitters meant to convey, whether narrated from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or from anyone else.2-Isnad:
-Attribution of a hadith to its enunciator
-Mention of men who transmitted the hadith, each one from the other till the Prophet. A sanad is in the form "A said that B said that C wrote (in a lost work) that D read (in a work known to exist but also lost) that E said that Muhammad had said..."
-Chain of reporters of hadith3-Taraf (the part, or the beginning, or the Caption):
A complete sentence quoted from the text of a hadith indicating a saying, deed, approval, or attribute of the Prophet (peace be upon him).