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  • Counter :
  • 1023
  • Date :
  • 1/24/2005


old books

Abolmajd ibn Adam reputed as Sanai'i that was also its pen name. Being born in the early years of the second half of the 5th century (maybe in 473 Sh.) in Qaznein was from a respected & cherished ancestry.


He attained greatest degree in the technique and art of poetry. And as a matter of regularity in his time, willed to be in the crown, so he entered the reign of Ghaznavian [i] and made familiar with the men of dominion. Masoud ibn Ibrahim was the first king that his eulogy is visible in Sanai'i's works of poetry. Bahram Shah ibn Mas'oud was another king whose name as a eulogy is much visible in his book of poetry & in the Hadiqa (The Garden). At the very beginning, he was a eulogist, spending life in revelry, yet he got no satisfaction, as there was no achievement from his great poems that had been composed for men in monarchy. He, pity & poor enslaved in the hands of greediness. Tardily, Elysium appeared & saved him from darkness of greediness. Grandeur of God attracted him in such a way that he ignored all the mundane and men. Apart from all the vice & virtue of the time the extreme of awareness as well, became a poet engaging with the both two worlds. Bahram Shah planed to get his sister marries him, due to satisfy him but he didn't accept. The time & its unkind people broke his heart. He migrated from Ghaznein in his early & lived in cities of Khorasan especially inBalkh, Sarakhs, Haraat, Neishabour for a long time. He returned to Ghaznein in his late years. Some writers in their passport had described his spirit in this way: After metamorphosis, embroilment, secluding from others & being in solitude, he went toMecca from Ghazneh & returned to Khorasan although he was sorrowful from leaving friends & the city ofBalkh, he had composed a poem showing his eagerness to the home of God (Ka'be).


Proofs are witness to that fact that his metamorphosis happened in Balkh. Upon entering Ghaznein, one of his buddies requested him to accumulate his poems & edit them to be a book. He refused that excusing homelessness & poverty at first, but as the friend prepared those to him not to get any refusal again, so he did it.


Sanai'i in the preface of his book as well as in Hadiqa (The Garden) had appreciated his friend's sweat to outfit the home for him.

As it is very much recognizable in his early poems, his unfitted job caused his depression & not to succeed despite to his erudition & knowledge as well as his soul's softness fallowed by the metamorphosis. That great event led him to the truth & manumitted him from all the pains & grieves he already had tolerated. Accompaniment of mystics especially in the east may have effect on him to set a journey to Hijaz to quench his thirst. He even had composed a poem on it.

As proofs present he had lived with his family in Khorasan & his parents were alive at the time of his journey to Mecca, so he was still young at the beginning of his way of metamorphosis. After returning from Hajj he stayed a time in Khorasan & been partner of mystics & erudite there & had composed (Karname Balkh) & at the end returned to Ghaznein. After finishing his Alhadiqa in Balkh, he ascended in 535 & was reposed there.




In his early odes & those dominion's eulogy he kept the style of Onsori & specifically Farrokhi.

Eloquence is very much visible in his poems in addition to describing of the nature. He was skillful in composing lyric as well. His aptitude & exactitude in applying words & meaning as well as natural similes soothes the reader. Familiarity with theosophy, philosophy, math, and formal sciences of his time made his poems more complicated than Farrokhi's as he had composed his poetries simple without any scientific expression. Masoud Sa'd Salman was the other poet whose works was taken by Sanai'i, yet all of these occurred before his metamorphosis. His pious Odes being composed after changes made other great poets like Khaghani, Savoji, Abd-o-razagh, and Majid Bilghani fallowed him however. He turn to become a virtuous man whose sermon & guidance directed toward both high & low classes of society.


Artistic Works

1. The works he had left are:

The cycle of poems including: eulogies, piousness, dervish poems, choruses, and couplets and its lines go to 13780.

2. Hadiqat-ol-Haqiqah (Garden of Truth), also called Ilaahi Nameh & Fakhri Nameh, is one of the greatest works in Farsi literature including 1000 lines.

3. Tariq-o-Tahqiq (The Way of Reaching) is the theme of telling about religious knowledge & truth in the rhyme of Hadiqah covers 896 verse lines.

4. Seir-ol-Ebade el-al- Ma'ad (The Journey of Prayers to the other World), it was composed in the name of Seif-ol-Haq Mohamad ibn Mansour in 896 lines.

5. Karnameh Balkh or Motayebe Nameh, Sanai'i made it when inBalkh in the rhyme of Hadiqa & 770 lines.

6. Aql Nameh, 195 lines & is the smallest book of him.

7. Eshq Nameh, the quality of relationship between love & soul & unity,etc. 576 lines.

8. Sanai'i Abad, mighty asset of The Prophet of Islam & intelligences & praising of contents contains 596 lines.


Day of Ascend:

There is no fixed idea in this case eg. Shoushtari recorded in his book that his death happened at 525, Jami says 529 & Qazvini mentioned its occurrence at 545.

His resting place is in Ghaznein where many people go there for sightseeing.

[i]- one of the rulling families in Iran in fifth century (Solar)

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