Hassan al Banna
(October 14, 1906 - February 12, 1949)
Hassan al Banna was an Egyptian Islamist best known for founding the MuslimBrotherhood.
He was born to a father who was a graduate of the al-Azhar Theological Seminary, a topMuslim seminary.
He was admitted into Cairo University at the age of 16, because of his wealth in islamicknowledge. Banna memorized the entire Qur'an at a young age.
He wrote the book Letter to a Muslim Student describing the fundamentals of the newMuslim Brotherhood, known in Arabic as al-Ikhwan.
Al-Bannah's followers were among the first Egyptians to enter Palestine following thepartition ofMay 14, 1948. They met disaster, and hundreds were killed attempting todestroy well fortified Israeli villages in theGaza area.
On the 12th of February 1949, Hassan al-Banna was shot dead by an assassin inCairo. It is not known who killed him, or why, though there are numerous theories, perhaps by aMuslim Brother disaffected by the failure of the war against the Jews.
His last daughter was born on the day he was killed, and her mother named her"Isteshhad", Arabic for "martyrdom".