EMILIANO ZAPATA(August 8, 1879-April 10,1919)
He was born in 8 August 1879, in San Miguel de Anenecuilco, Morelos, in a farmer family. With a very elementary instruction, in March 1911 he was sent to the revolutionary fight with a group of farmers, who was growing in number until becoming a small army, to the control of Pablo Towers Towns.
After the taking of Tlaquiltenango and Jojutla, Zapata assumed the headquarters of the Revolution in the south of the country. One seized of Yautepec, Cuautla and Cuernavaca and followed in campaign against the federal forces, still after the fall of General Porfirio Diaz.
President Leon of Barra sent to the Victorian Orchard to fight it. Log talked with the Caudillo of the South in August of 1911 to persuade the one that licensed its troops, with the commitment to name revolutionary authorities in the state of Morelos. The federal government, far from doing it, reiterated the orders to fight it to impose La Paz. Zapata, with his almost annihilated forces, retired to the limits with Guerrero, remade his army and, for October, the Federal District threatened.
Zapata returned to meet it already with Log, being this one president of the Republic, but without reaching any agreement. Zapata returned to the guerrilla and, the 25 of November of 1911, sent the Plan of Ayala, where it shaped his agraristas ideas. In May of 1913, when usurping the Victorian power Orchard, Zapata declared it I infuriate to be in the Presidency and exacerbó the persecution in his against.
In 1914, formed the Army of liberation of the Center and the South, Zapata controlled all the state of Morelos and had extended his influence to other organizations. Defeated Orchard, the carrancista cut the passage of the zapatistas towards the Federal District, when they already were in the environs of High Milpa. Carranza rejected the agrarian pretensions of Zapata and this one made contact with enemy with Francisco Villa. Their representatives in the Convention of Aguascalientes did not know to the First Head, reinitiating the hostilities.
In 1916, the government of Carranza, already installed in the city of Mexico, organized a powerful offensive directed by general Pablo González, who in May recovered almost all the populations that were in being able of the zapatistas; nevertheless, for that year ends, the constitutionalists evacuated the state of Morelos, decimated by the paludismo and the guerrillas. Thus, the zapatistas could recover some populations at the beginning of 1917.
Then, Zapata sent General the Administrative Law for the State. The production was reinitiated and schools were opened while in the periphery it continued the guerrilla activity. Once promulgated the Constitution and celebrated the elections, Carranza assumed the Presidency of the Republic and it seted out to end the zapatismo. For October of 1918, Zapata was a fugitive one again. In January of 1919 he published a manifesto blaming to Carranza of all evils that suffered the country.
The 10 April 1919 he was assassinated in Chinameca, by an escort commanded by Jesus Guajardo, who had simulated to go to his rows.Taken from:
members.tripod.com/~pacogarayAlso see: www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=80354&tocid=0 www.cla.calpoly.edu/~lcall/zapata.html www.elbalero.gob.mx/kids/history/html/rev/biozapata.html