Juan Jose Urraburu
Scholastic philosopher, born at Ceanuri, Biscay, 23 May, 1844; died at Burgos, 13 August, 1904. He entered the Society of Jesus on 3 May, 1860, at Loyola (Guipûzcoa). He was professor of rhetoric, and after having finished his own studies he taught philosophy in the Jesuit house of studies, and later theology at Poyanne, France. In the Scholastic revival promoted by Leo XII, Urrلburu was called to Rome (1878) to teach philosophy in the Gregorian University. He remained there nine years and on his return was made rector of the College of Valladolid (1887-90); of the Colegio Maximo, Oٌa (1891-97); and of the seminary of Salamanca (1898-1902).
His principal work is entitled "Institutiones philosophiو quas Romو in Pontificia Universitate Gregoriana tradiderat . . .", Valladolid: I, Logica, 1890; II, Ontologia, 1891; III, Cosmologia, 1892; IV, Psychologiو part 1, op. 1894; V, Psychologiو part 2, 1896; VI, Psychologiو part 2 (continuation), 1898; VII Theodiceو vol. I, 1899; VIII, Theodiceو vol. II, 1900. Other works are: "Compendium philosophiو scholasticو . . .", 5 vols., Madrid 1902-1904; "El verdadero puesto de la filosofيa entre las demلs ciencias", articles published in "Razَn y Fe", I, 57, 137 (1901); "El principio vital y el materialismo ante la ciencia ya la filosofيa", ibid., VIII 313 (1904); IX, 180, 325 (1904); X, 219 (1904); XI, 54 (1905); posthumous: "La mente de la Compaٌia acerca de las doctrinas escolلsticas que se refieren ل la constituciَn de los cuerpos. Plلctia familiar" (Oٌa, printed privately).
Two chapters (Disputat., XI) of "Psychologia fusior", translated into Spanish by Antonio Madariaga, were published at Madrid, 1901, with the title "Principios fundamentales de antropologia". The value of Urrلburu"s philosophical work is fully attested by the favour with which it was received and the care with which it was examined by the most competent critics. The influence of his teaching has been notable, especially among the members of his order; the "Institutiones" has been constantly consulted by professors and students (new edition, "Logica", 1908); the "Compendium" is the textbook used at present in the Jesuit scholasticates of Spain and other countries. Father Carlos Delmas published an exhaustive appreciation in the "Etudes bibliograph.", March, 1893, in "Etudes", LXXXVIII, 123. Father José contributed a serious study, "Un neuvo libro de filosofيa escolلstica" in "Razon y Fe", IV, 51. To these articles may be added Nadal"s notice, "La psicologia del P. Urrلburu" in "Razَn y Fe", XIV, 314. Urrلburu"s work a lasting monument to the School in general, and particularly to that of Suلrez, is solid, learned, uncompromising towards error, moderate in expression, and well-balanced by common sense.