Thomas Reid (4/26/1710- 10/7/1796)
Scottish philosopher who developed "common-sense" philosophy in reaction against the skepticism
in his An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense (1764) . Reid criticized the trend of modern philosophy inEssays on the Intellectual Powers (1785), rejecting the representationalism
he called "the way of ideas" in order to defend direct realism
in perception. InEssays on the Active Powers of the Human Mind (1788) Reid developed an intuitionist
moral theory that drew heavily upon the natural law
Recommended Reading:Thomas Reid's Inquiry and Essays (Hackett, 1983);The Correspondence of Thomas Reid, ed. by Paul Wood (Edinburgh, 2002) ; Keith Lehrer,Thomas Reid (Routledge, 1999) ; Peimin Ni,On Reid (Wadsworth, 2000) ; Philip de Bary,Thomas Reid and Scepticism: His Reliabilist Response (Routledge, 2002) ; Nicholas Wolterstorff, Thomas Reid and the Story of Epistemology (Cambridge, 2001) ;The Philosophy of Thomas Reid, ed. by Melvin Dalgarno and Eric Matthews (Kluwer, 1989) ; and William L. Rowe,Thomas Reid on Freedom and Morality (Cornell, 1991) .