Anne Bronte (1820-1849), English writer, sister of Charlotte Brontë and Emily Brontë. Anne Brontë is best known for her novelsAgnes Grey(1847) andThe Tenant of Wildfell Hall(1848), which are generally considered more conservative novels than those of her sisters.
Anne Brontë was born inThornton, Yorkshire. She was the youngest of six children of Patrick and Maria Brontë, and educated largely at home. After the death of her mother in 1821, and the two eldest sisters, Anne was left with her sisters and brother to the care of their father and aunt, Elisabeth Branwell. The girls' real education was at the Haworth parsonage, in which Mr. Brontë settled the year before his wife's death. They read the Bible, Homer, Virgil, Shakespeare, Milton, Byron, Scott and many others. Inspired by a box of 12 wooden soldiers, the children wove tales and legends associated with remoteAfrica. Emily and Anne created their own Gondal saga, and Charlotte and Branwell recorded their Angria stories in minute notebooks.
In 1839 Anne worked for a short period as a governess to the Inghams at Blake Hall and later in same position to the Robinsons at Thorpe Green Hall from 1841 to 1845. In 1846 Anne Bronte published with her sisters a collection of poems,Poems By Currer, Ellis AndActon Bell. Her first novel,Agnes Grey, a story about the life of a governess, appeared in 1847. It was based on Anne's recollections of her experience with the over-indulged young children and the worldly older children of the Ingham family and the Robinson family. Her second novel,The Tenant of Wildfell Hall,was published in 1848 in three volumes and sold well. It portrays in Arthur Huntingdon a violent drunkard, clearly to some extent drawn from Branwell, who died in September 1848.
Anne Bronte fell ill with tuberculosis after the appearance of the book. She died on the following May in 1849 atScarborough, where she was buried.Taken from:
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