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  • 11/22/2003

André Gide

(22 Nov.1869-19 Feb.1951)


Gide was born inParis, France onNovember 22,1869. His father was a Paris University professor of law and died 1880. His uncle was the political economistCharles Gide. Gide was brought up in isolated conditions inNormandy and became a prolific writer at an early age. In 1895, after his mother's death, he married his cousin Madeleine Rondeaux but the marriage remained unconsummated.
In 1891 Gide published his first novel,Les Cahiers d'Andre Walter. From 1893-94 Gide traveled in northern Africa.
In 1908 Gide helped found the literary magazineNouvelle Revu française (The New French Review).
His wife Madeleine died in 1938. Later he used the background of his unconsummated marriage in his novelEt Nuck Manet in Te (1951).
After 1925 he began to demand more humane conditions for criminals. From 1925-26 he was a special envoy for the colonial ministry. In 1926 he published an autobiography,Si le grain ne meurt and journeyed to theCongo with his friend Marc Allegret. They returned 1927. In his report he criticized the behavior of French business interests in the Congo and inspired reform.
During the 1930s he briefly became acommunist, but became disillusioned after his visit toSoviet Union. His criticism of communism caused him to lose many of his socialist friends, especially when he made a clean break with it inRetour de L'U.S.S. in 1936.
Gide left France for Africa in 1942 and lived there until the end of theWorld War Two. In1947, he received theNobel Prize in Literature.
Gide died onFebruary 19,1951.

Selected works:

LES CAHIERS D'ANDRة WALTER, 1891 - The Notebook of André Walter

LE TRAITة DU NARCISSE, 1891

POةSIES, 1892

LE VOYAGE D'URIEN, 1983 - Urien's Voyage

LA TENTATIVE AMOUREUSE, 1893 - The Lovers' Attempt, trans. in The Return of the Prodigal

LE VOYAGE D'URIEN, 1893 - Urien's Voyage

PALUDES, 1895 - Marshland

LES NOURRITURES TERRESTRES, 1897 - Fruits of the Earth

LES CAHIERS D'ANDRE WALTER, 1891

LE PROMةTHةE MAL ENCHAخNة, 1899 - Prometheus Illbound / Prometheus Misbound

LE ROI CANDAULE, 1901

L'IMMORALISTE, 1902 - The Immoralist

SAـL, 1903

PRةTEXTES, 1903

LE RETOUR DE L'ENFANT PRODIGUE, 1907

LA PORTE ةTROITE, 1909 - Strait is the Gate - Ahdas portti

ISABELLE, 1911

NOUVEAUX PRةTEXTES, 1911

LES CAVES DU VATICAN, 1914 - The Vatican Cellars / Lafcadio's Adventures

LA SYMPHONIE PASTORALE, 1919 - The Pastoral Symphony - Pastoraalisinfonia - film 1946, dir. by Jean Delannoy, screenplay by Jean Aurenche and Pierre Bost, starring Michele Morgan, Pierre Blanchar, Line Noro, Jean Dessailly. - "And so we have in this film a wonderful example of a type of film worth looking at, but a type which, though especially dependent on adaptation, was not supple enough to do justice to the literature it celebrated." (Dudley Andrew inModern European Filmmakers and the Art of Adaptation, ed. by Andrew S. Horton and Joan Magretta, 1981)

MORCEAUX CHOISIS, 1921

NUMQUID ET TU?, 1922

DOSTOدEVSKY, 1923

CORYDON, 1924

INCIDENCES, 1924

SI LE GRAIN NE MEURT, 1924-26 - If It Die... - Ellei vehnنnjyvن kuole

LES FAUX-MONNAYEURS, 1926 - The Counterfeiters - Vننrنnrahantekijنt

VOYAGE AU CONGO, 1927

RETOUR DU TCHAD, 1928

ESSAI SUR MONTAIGNE, 1929

L'ECOLE DES FEMMES, 1929 - The School fo Wives - Naisten koulu

ROBERT, 1929

NE JUGEZ PAS, 1930 - Andre Gide, Judge Not (trans. by Benjamin Ivry)

OEDIPE, 1931 (play)

DIVERS, 1931

LES NOUVELLES NOURRITURES, 1935

GENEVIةVE, 1936

RETOUR DEL' U.S.S.R., 1936

RETOUCHES ہ MON RETOUR DE L'U.S.S.R., 1937

JOURNAL1889-1939, 1939

JOURNAL1939-42, 1946

THةSةE, 1946 - Two Legends: Oidipus and Theseus

NOTES SUR CHOPIN, 1948

FEUILLETS D'AUTOMNE, 1949

JOURNAL1939-49, 1950

ET NUNC MANET IN TE, 1951 - The Secret Drama of My Life / Madeleine

AINSI SOIT-IL, 1952

ŒUVRES COMPLبTES, 1932-1954


Taken from:
http://en2.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andre_Gide
http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/agide.htm

For more information:


http://www.andregide.org/gidebio1.htmlhttp://www.andregide.org/gidebio3.html#selbio

http://www.kalin.lm.com/gide.html
http://www.andregide.org/gidebio.html

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