Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821
) was aRussian
writer and is sometimes referred to as one of the founders ofexistentialism
. Dostoevsky is widely regarded as one of the most importantRussian language
Born onOctober 30
to parents Mikhail and Maria, Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was the second of seven children. Fyodor's mother died of an illness in1837
Fyodor and his brother Michael were sent to the Military Engineering Academy at St. Petersburg shortly after their mother's death, though these plans had begun even before she became ill.
It was not long before his father, an army surgeon, also died in1839
. While not known for certain, it is believed that Mikhail Dostoevsky was murdered by his ownserfs
, who reportedly became enraged during one of Mikhail's drunken fits of violence, restrained him, and pouredvodka
into his mouth until he drowned.
Dostoevsky was arrested and imprisoned in1849
for engaging in revolutionary activity againstTsarNicholas I
. After a mock execution in which he faced a stagedfiring squad
, Dostoevsky's sentence was commuted to a number of years of exile performing hard labor at a prison camp inSiberia
. His sentence was completed in1854
, at which point he enrolled in the Siberian Regiment.
This was a turning point in the author's life. Dostoevsky abandonded his earlier radical sentiments and became deeply conservative and extremely religious.
, he returned to St. Petersburg, where he ran a series of unsuccessful literary journals with his older brother Mikhail. Dostoevsky was devastated by his wife's death in1864
, followed shortly thereafter by his brother's death. He was financially crippled by business debts and the need to provide for his brother's widow and children. Dostoevsky sunk into a deep depression, frequenting gambling parlors and blithely accumulating massive losses at the tables.
To escape creditors in St. Petersburg, Dostoevsky traveled to Europe. In1867
Dostoevsky married Anna Snitkin, a 19 year old stenographer. This period resulted in the writing of his greatest books.
Fyodor Dostoevsky died onJanuary 28
and was interred inTikhvin Cemetery
at the Alexander Nevsky Monastery,St. Petersburg, Russia
. Major works
·The Village of Stepanchikovo
(orThe Friend of the Family) (1859)
·The House of the Dead
·A Nasty Story
·Notes from Underground
(orLetters from the Underworld) (1864)
·Crime and Punishment
(orDemons orThe Devils) (1872)
·The Raw Youth
·The Brothers Karamazov
Taken from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fyodor_DostoevskyFor more information:
http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/fdosto.htm http://books.mirror.org/gb.dostoevsky.html http://www.online-literature.com/dostoevsky/ http://www.edwardsly.com/gandhii.htm http://www.classicbookshelf.com/library/fyodor_dostoevsky/ http://people.brandeis.edu/~teuber/dostoevskybio.html http://www.gradesaver.com/ClassicNotes/Authors/about_fyodor_dostoevsky.html