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Interpretation of surah At-Tin (The Fig): part 2

the holy qur’an

However about the olive, the great nutritionists and the scholars who spend their most of the years of life in studying the specialities of various fruits, for the olives and its oil, gave a specific importance and they believe that those who want to live a healthy life must use this elixir of life, a preparation believed to be capable of prolonging a life.

The olive oil is the best friend of the liver and it is highly effective in curing its ailments, the bile’s stone, liver and renal colic and it eliminates the constipation.

For this reason the olive tree is remembered as the sacred tree in the nobleQur’an.

The olive oil is full of various vitamins and consists of sulphur and phosphor, calcium, vitamins, iron and manganese.

The ointments which are produced by the olive oil and garlic, they are highly effective in curing the rheumatic pains. The stones of gallbladder vanish by the help of consuming the olive oil.

In a statement from Imam Ali (A.S) we read: The house where the vinegar and olive oil are used as curry along with bread, it is a complete in nutrition and this is the food of the prophets.

In a hadith from Imam Ali ibn Musa Reza it is stated: Olive oil is the best food. It keeps the mouth sweet-smelling and eliminates away the Phlegm (balgham). And it bestows clearness and freshness to the face complexion, strengthen the nervous system, eliminated the ailments, pains and weaknesses and calms down the flames of anger.

We will end this discussion by a hadith from the greatest and kind prophet Muhammad peace be upon him who said: consume the olive oil and grease the body with it as it from a sacred tree.

After mentioning these four vows which are full of contents, answered the vows and thus stated: Certainly we had created the man in a best appearance and system. 

لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي أَحْسَنِ تَقْوِيمٍ
تَقْوِيمٍ

The above term means to give a proper face, a moderate system and excellent qualities to something. Its vast meaning indicates the Exalted God created the man appropriate and capable in every way, physically, spiritually and intellectually and he is created to prepare him to ascend to the greatest and the highest zenith. However the man is a petite body and the Majestic God placed him in the infinite universe and blessed him so vast capabilities where he becomes capable of the gift like: Al-Isra (The Journey by Night) 

وَلَقَدْ كَرَّمْنَا بَنِي آدَمَ وَحَمَلْنَاهُمْ فِي الْبَرِّ وَالْبَحْرِ وَرَزَقْنَاهُم مِّنَ الطَّيِّبَاتِ وَفَضَّلْنَاهُمْ عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِّمَّنْ خَلَقْنَا تَفْضِيلاً (17:70)
And We have certainly honoured the children of Adam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and We have made them to do extremely well by an appropriate excellence over most of those whom We have created.

After completing the creation of the man, the Praiseworthy God said: Al-Muminun (23:14)

فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ

 

So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.

Although this same man with all his excellent capabilities when he diverts from the right path he will collapse in such a way that he will be drawn towards the asfalus safileen.

أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

 

Hence in the next ayat it said: Then we returned him to the lowest ground.

ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

It said that always near the high mountains there exists the deep canyons and before the high peaks of man’s perfection exist the dreadful downfall inside the lowest pitch. Surely it had to be like that, as the man is the creature full of talents if he uses it in the productive and positive way he will accomplish the highest peak of honour. And in the case he uses his abundant ability in the negative conduct he will turn out to be the biggest evil and mischief maker and naturally he will thrown into the asfalus safilin.( the last pitch of hell).

However in the next verse it adds: But those who brought the faith and practised the virtuous deeds, for them there is an unending reward.

إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ فَلَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ

 

مَمْنُونٍ

Here the above term means to get disconnected or decrease. Here it specifies the eternal award and without any decrease.

Some defined the verse

ثُمَّ رَدَدْنَاهُ أَسْفَلَ سَافِلِينَ

 

And give it the meaning of the weakness, full of flaws, senseless and abnormalities of the period of old age. Although, this does goes well with the succeeding verse. Therefore the first definition is correct.

In the next verse addressed the man who is ungrateful and unconcerned towards the signs and proof of the dooms day and said: what is the cause of your denial after so many confirmations of the judgment day?

The building of your body structure and the formation of this vast outside world from other side, exhibits that the short life of this world cannot be the ultimate purpose of the existence of this boundless world.

This is an introduction of another infinite and perfect world by the term of noble Qur’an: the first arrival gives the news of the last appearance. Why the man does not reminds it?

Al-Waqi'a (The Event)

وَلَقَدْ عَلِمْتُمُ النَّشْأَةَ الْأُولَى فَلَوْلَا تَذكَّرُونَ
(56:62)

And indeed, you have already known the first form of creation (i.e. the creation of Adam), why then do you not remember or take heed?

The plants life every year constantly brings forth before the view of man, the scenes of death and life. The period of constant formation of foetus, each and every stage of it, counted as the new life and the dooms day. With all these reasons how the man denies the judgment day?

It is evident from whatever we said here, that the man is addressed in this verse. It is supposed as well that the addressee could be the person of prophet peace be upon him. And the purpose is that “with all the reasons of the judgment day who and how he is able to deny you”‌. But it is impossible.

 

 

فَمَا يُكَذِّبُكَ بَعْدُ بِالدِّينِ

 

Here the term

دين

It does not give the meaning of religion or religious law but it gives the meaning of the same judgment day, the day of punishment and reward. The next ayat too gives the witness of it.

Therefore it is said: Does not the Gracious God is the best judge and the most excellent ruler?

 

 

أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

 

It is mentioned in the hadis whenever the prophet peace be upon him was reciting the Surah At-Tin. And whenever he was reaching the verse

 

أَلَيْسَ اللَّهُ بِأَحْكَمِ الْحَاكِمِينَ

 

He used to say: Yea the Sovereign God is the best ruler and the judge and I am the eyewitness of it.

O Almighty Allah: we too give the witness that you are the best ruler and the judge.

O Originator God: You created us in the best features. Grant us capability to perform the best act and deeds.

O Supporter God, the protecting friend: Except your kindness, it is impossible to travel the path of good deeds and right believe. Take in your kind protection in travelling this path.

Ameen! O Allah the Provider of the entire universe.


Source: imamreza.net

Author:  Nasir Makarim Shirazi


Other links:

Interpretation of surah At-Tin (The Fig): part 1

The importance of Surah al-Ikhlas (The Purity): Part 1

The importance of Surah al-Ikhlas (Part 2)

The importance of Surah al-Ikhlas (Part 3)

The importance of Surah al-Ikhlas (Part 4)

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