Arafat: The Sermon Of Prophet Mohammed(P.B.U.H)
Arafat is a large field of flat land about two miles long and wide. A chain of mountains in a curved shape surrounds the area, and the bottom of this curve is the path that goes from Mecca to al-Ta`if. In this very large area the pilgrims set their tents on the day of ‘Arafat, and there is also a mosque on its boundaries by the name of al-‘Arafat mosque.
The borders of ‘Arafat are Batn ‘Urnah, Thawyah and Nimrah intil Dhil-majaz, and from al-Mi`zamain until the end of al-Mawqif. These borders are about twenty one and a half kilometres away from Mecca, and ‘Arafat is all outside the limits of the Sacred House (al-Haram).
There are many supplications to read on the day of‘Arafat, and the first of these recommended supplications is the known supplication of Imam Hussein (a.s) on the day of ‘Arafat.
God Almighty mentioned this ritual in His holy
Book, saying: Then when you stream out of ‘Arafat remember Allah at the Holy Mash’ar.
Prophet Mohammed (P.B.U.H) Sermon
This sermon was delivered on the Ninth Day of Dhul Hijjah 10 A.H. in the 'Uranah valley of Mount Arafah' (in Makkah). Part of his beautiful sermon is as below, in which he insists on rights of each other. After praising, and thanking Allah Holy Prophet Muhammad (saw) said:
".......... O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, and this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that HE will indeed reckon your deeds.
ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (Holy Prophet Muhammad's uncle) shall henceforth be waived.
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah's trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship ALLAH, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor does a black have any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
"I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my Ahlul Bayt, and if you follow these you will never go astray."
Remember, one day you will appear before ALLAH and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, NO PROPHET OR APOSTLE WILL COME AFTER ME AND NO NEW FAITH WILL BE BORN. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my Ahlul Bayt, and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly. Be my witness, O ALLAH, that I have conveyed your message to your people .........."
This articles contain number of supplications which can be recited at sacred sites like Arafat, Mecca, Medina, Baqi, etc....
Far from the family and detached from worldly things, during the Hajj each worshipper has the chance to attend only to God and the performance of divine duties.....