Traditions referring to the merits of Hazrat Fatimah (s.a)
Prophet (PBUH) said: “The best of your men is Ali Ibn Abu Talib (a.s), and the best of your women is Fatimah Binte Muhammad.”
Holy Prophet (PBUH) also reported to have said: “Fatimah is part of me, that which annoys her annoys me, and that which harms her harms me.”
Fatimah (s.a), the daughter
She loved and cared for her father and attended to him when he was ill or injured in one of the battles to defend Islam. After the death of her mother, Hazrat Khadija, she attended to the Prophet (PBUH) even more often and consoled him during times of hardship, so much so that he called her "Ummi Abiha” which means "mother of her father."
The Prophet (PBUH) used to stand up to receive her when she visited him. It was clearly against the Arab custom for a father to stand up for his daughter. This shows the high spiritual status accorded to Fatimah by Allah.
It is related that Anas bin Malik’s mother said: “Fatimah was like a moon on its full night, or the sun covered by no clouds. She was white (fair) with a touch of rose color on her face, her hair was black and she had the beautiful features of the Messenger of Allah.”
It is also reported that: “Whenever the Prophet (PBUH) returned from a trip, he would kiss Fatima’s throat and say: ‘From her, I do smell the fragrance of Paradise.’”
Fatimah (s.a), the wife
Her home environment was an example of harmony, peace, tranquility, and modesty. She helped her husband in his worldly and religious affairs, and cooperated with him in achieving his exalted mission.
It is written in Al-Bihar, on the authority of Manaqeb that Imam Ali (s.a) said: “By Allah, I never angered Fatimah, or forced her to do something (she did not like, up to the day she died, nor did she ever anger or disobey me. In fact, when I looked at her, depression and sadness would be removed (from my heart.)
Imam Baqir (a.s) said: Fatimah vouched to take care of the household work, make dough, bake bread and clean the house; Ali in return vouched to take care of the outside work (such as) gathering firewood and bringing food stuff.”
Fatimah (a.s), the mother
It is sufficient to say that Fatimah (s.a) raised two boys, Hassan and Hussein, the leaders of the youth of paradise who were the Purified and Infallible Imams. She raised two daughters; Zainab and Umme Kulthum. The older one was Zainab (s.a) who carried on Imam Hussein’s mission to the court of Yezid bin Mu’awiya and ensured its success.
Fatimah (s.a), the teacher
Being brought up by the Prophet (PBUH) of Allah (the City of knowledge) and in company of her husband (the gate to the city of knowledge) it is easy to understand why she was highly enlightened in the knowledge of the Qur’an and the Islamic Law.
It is reported in Al-Bihar that a lady came to Hazrat Fatimah with questions, and then repeatedly came with more questions. Then she felt embarrassed and said she did not want to inconvenience Fatimah. At this Hazrat Fatimah answered:“Ask me regarding any thing which comes to your mind ….” “My reward for (answering) every inquiry is more than that which fills (the space) between the ground and the Throne (heaven) with pearls; thus, I should be more apt to answer your questions.”
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