The Verse of Wilayah (Part 1)
إِنَّمَا وَلِيُّكُمُ اللّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ الَّذِينَ يُقِيمُونَ الصَّلاَةَ وَيُؤْتُونَ الزَّكَاةَ وَهُمْ رَاكِعُونَ
Only Allah, His Messenger, and the believers who keep up prayer (Salat) and pay alms (Zakat) while they bow (Rokoo) during prayer, are your Wali (Master). The Holy Quran (Surah 9, The Table Spread, verse126)
According to Islamic principles and wisdom, in every stage and aspect of his life a person should obey his creator, Allah. For in every moment of a person’s life, one is merely dependent on Allah. None of us is aware of his near future and thus does not know what does happen in the next moments of his life, but the Almighty Allah, who has created us, is aware of the smallest secrets of our nature. He knows the origin and destination of our creation and because of this, our wisdom leads us to Him. He offers nothing else than absolute blessings to His creatures, because He does not need anything and is not dependent on anyone.
According to the Holy Quran and Islamic Teachings, this obedience is not limited to Allah only. It is Allah’s will that every Muslim should obey the Great Prophet of Islam (PBUH) and the infallible Imams (PBUH). This belief implies that absolute obedience belongs only to Allah and this is His order that makes us obey the Great Prophet (PBUH) and the infallible Imams. Their behavior and sayings lead us to the Right path and provide Allah’s satisfaction and eternal prosperity. They have been granted Infallibility, and thus do not commit any sin or make any mistake. Islam restricts absolute obedience to the Almighty Allah and His Messenger and other Infallibles.
Although the necessity of such obedience is proved by our wisdom, but another factor makes it complete. This factor is affection towards the Almighty Allah, who has showered us with great blessings and excessive favors. While seeing continuous favors of Allah despite his disobedience, the human tries to obey Allah more than before.
The main concept of “Wilayat” contains such obedience to the Almighty Allah and the Infallibles. The relation of Muslims (Shiites) with the Great Prophet (PBUH) and Imams is a deep and bilateral one.
The first part of this relation begins with them; they are so kind to the Muslims that even a simple calamity of a Muslims would bring them unhappiness. (There are many evidences in proof of this claim in Islamic texts.) The second part of this relation is the affection to the Infallibles. The infallibles possess such moral characteristics and spiritual completion that every Muslim loves them deeply. This strong bond between the Muslims and the Infallibles causes for the Muslims to obey the actions and sayings of the Infallibles.”
In the Holy Quran, there are many evidences that the Almighty Allah has mentioned verses, which prove the position of Wilayat for the great Prophet (PBUH) and Imam Ali (PBUH). However, Wilayat of the other Infallible is proved by the Prophet’s declaration on account of the Almighty Allah.
In this article, we will discuss and consider one of the Quran verses, in which the Wali of the believers is introduced and besides Allah the Great Prophet (PBUH) and Imam Ali (PBUH) have been named and referred. So first, we will study the words applied in this verse separately1, then refer to the case of descending (Shan e Nozoul), and finally contemplate different phrases of the verse more carefully.
The Holy Quran, the Eternal Miracle
The Quran in terms of its’ eloquence and fluency
Understanding the miracle of Quran (from the aspect of eloquence and fluency)
Other aspects of the miraculous character of the Holy Quran (Part 1)
Other aspects of the miraculous character of the Holy Quran (Part 2)
Why Does the Qur'an Open With Iqra' (Recite, Read)?
The Word ‘knowledge’ mentioned in Quran (Part 1)
The Word knowledge mentioned in Quran (Part 2)
The final word & Deduction
The Quranic Emphasis