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  • Date :
  • 10/27/2009

The City of Sanandaj

the city of sanandaj

This township is located in the center of the Kurdistan province. It is limited to Divandareh from the north and to Kamyaran from the south, to the east are Bijar and Qorveh, and to the west are the townships of Marivan and Saqez. Sanandaj is the provincial capital of Kurdistan and lies at a distance of 500 km. from Tehran. The population of Sanandaj is mainly Kurdish, with an Armenian, Assyrian and Jewish minority.

People of Sanandaj speak a variation of Sorani Kurdish.This city has a beautiful natural environment and pleasant climate especially in autumn and spring.

Soleiman Khan Ardalan the governor of Kurdistan constructed the Sahneh Dej (castle) during the Shah Safi period (1038-1052 AH.). In the past, there was the Seer city instead of present Sanandaj. Sanandaj was under the control of the Ardalan household for duration of four centuries. The said are descendant of the Sassanids. In the war between Iran and Ottomans in Safavid period, this family sometimes sided Iran and sometimes the Ottomans. In 1146 AH. Karim Khan Zand destroyed Sanandaj.

After a period of chaos, Khosrow Khan Ardalan took over the power. From 1214 to 1240 AH. Eman Allah Khan, son of Khosrow Khan governed in Sanandaj and to some extent he worked for the sake of improvement of Sanandaj. In 1284 AH. Due to the dissatisfaction of the inhabitants, Haj Mirza Mo'tamed-o-Doleh the uncle of Naseredin Shah governed in Kurdistan till the year 1291 AH. Now a day Sanandaj is one of the beautiful townships of Iran and Kurdistan province.

Handicrafts

As in most other parts of Iran, carpet weaving is one of the most significant handicrafts of the region, especially in Bijar and Sanandaj. Shaw, kilim and jajim weaving. Wood work and jewelry and ornaments are among other main handicrafts of this province.

Attractions

Dense forests of the region

Negel historical village on Sanandaj-Marivan road, (and its historic Quran)

Salavat Abad village

Hajar Khatoon Mosque

Edifices of Khosro Abad, Salar Saeed Sanandaj (Museum of anthropology and contemporary arts) and Moshir which have been constructed in Qajar time

The old houses of Moshiri, Vakil, Asef Vaziri and Sadegh Vaziri

Several historical bridges belonging to the Safavid era

Historical hills

Old public bathes

Old bazaars of Sanandaj and Asef belonging to the Safavid era

Several Mosques and Imamzadehs

square of liberty, aka eqbal square, the main and largest square in sanandaj

Source: wikipedia.org


Other links:

Province of Kurdistan

Nature of Kurdistan (Photo Gallery)

Province of Zanjan

Chogha Zanbil (Photo Gallery)

The Province of Khuzestan

History of Khuzestan (part 1)

History of Khuzestan (part 2)

History of Khuzestan (part 2)

The Province of Ilam

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