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  • 10/11/2009

Mausoleums and Imamzadehs, Qom (Part1)

imamzadeh ahmad-ibn eshaq

Imamzadeh Ahmad-Ibn Eshaq

The above mentioned is situated in the Old Square of Qom (Maidan Kohneh). This is the tomb of one of the grand children of the 7th Imam (A.S.). The Imamzadeh was put under repairs, and thereby expanded in the year 1317 A.H., during the reign of Mozaffareddin Shah. The original shrine of the Imamzadeh dates back to the period of pre-Safavid dynasty. The structure is four-sided both internally and externally.

A turreted effect architectural style relevant to the period of Shah Tahmasb Safavid is observed in this mausoleum. In the center of the structure is the tomb with a latticed worked wooden sepulcher on it.

Imamzadeh Ali-Ibn Ja"far (Dar Behesht)

The same is related to the early 8th century A.H. It is an octagonal structure with a conical dome. The porch was added to the building in the Qajar era. The adornments of the mausoleum are equivalent in rank to other known remnants of the province. Its plasterwork is worth mentioning as the same is relevant to the 8th century A.H., and is a masterpiece of that age. Its gilded tiles and cornices that display about 94 humans and floral and animal motives besides sacred inscriptions in "Naskh" script can be noted here. The gilded altar and arched ceilings to the south of the mausoleum, constructed in the year 734 A.H., today adorn the national treasury of the country.

Imamzadeh Esmaeil (Shahzadeh Esmaeil)

The same is located on the skirts of Bidqan, at a distance of 18 km. from Qom. It is one of the oldest pilgrimage sites of the province.

This is the mausoleum of three personalities being, Shahzadeh Esmaeil and his offspring Hamzeh and Shahzadeh Muhammad. Historical relics in this Imamzadeh are named as its priceless doors, beautiful tiles and carved chest that has been placed on the tomb.

The structure comprises of a mausoleum, dome, porch, courtyard and mosque. The mausoleum, which has been constructed of stone and gypsum, is relevant to the 7th century A.H. Externally, the structure is cylindrical, but internally turns into a quadrangle.

The cornices of this structure resemble the Mongol style, worked in octagonal sun baked tiles. On the fringes of which are inscriptions revealing the date of 668 A.H. The dome of the mausoleum was from the period of Shah Esmaeil Safavid, but due to later repairs acquired a pyramid shape with 16 panels. The Imamzadeh has a decorative pulpit to the date of 922 A.H.

Imamzadeh Ma"soomeh

The same is in the Kehak Qahestan village, and at a distance of 24 km. from Qom. The present structure was constructed by the efforts of Shah Begum, the daughter of Shah Esmail. The said is the tomb of one of the descendants of Imam Moosa Kazem (P.B.U.H.). It is an irregular octagon externally, but internally is square in shape. It has been constructed of stone and gypsum. To each side of the structure an area for the elite has been procured, from each of which a door leads to the outside and in front of these doors are the halls.

The outer dome is a short pyramid shaped one with 16 panels and adorned with turquoise colored tiles. To the three sides of the mausoleum are the halls which are connected to each other. Flanking the northern hall, are two spaces with an eye-catching view. This layout was added to the mausoleum in Safavid era. Today artistic relics dated 979 A.H. adorn the treasures of the Fin Garden of Kashan.

Source: chnpress.com


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