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6 ذيحجه 1435 - Wednesday, October 1, 2014
Enforcing Law in Islam
The ideal of a government is to pass and enforce laws in a just manner. But if this objective cannot be achieved for any reason, establishing a government to safeguard the security of the people and ...
Objectives of a Theocracy
Although Imam Reza’s remarks were made with regards to the rule of Innocent Imams, since theocracy in the Era of Occultation metalizes in the form of the rule of the Just Jurisprudence and ...
Muslims, however, disagree about the source of government’s legitimacy: some believe that the ruler is appointed by God. The other groups do not agree with this view but there are no ...
Tax system in Islam
Since Islam is the last religion, its tax systems are everlasting and in effect until doomsday. On the other hand, the establishment of a government by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the best proof of relation between religion and politics. In addition to ..
Duties of Theocracy from Religious Point of view
Carrying out Islam’s criminal laws such as fix punishment (Hadd), blood money (restitution) and Equal Retaliation (Qisas) and also the holy duty of Jihad (fighting with the enemies of Islam and defending Muslims’ lands and rights) is not possible ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 4)
I swear by God if I remain wakeful at night by standing on the prick of Saadan while my hands and feet have been shackled and pulled over the pricks and brushwood in the desert, I consider this act more favorable than ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 3)
Therefore, your best saving should be your meritorious deeds. Therefore, exercise control over your carnal desires and passions; resent what is not permissible and admissible for one’s self. Envy for this because ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 2)
Verily, people look at your works in the same way that you look at the functions of previous rulers; that which you say about they are told about you. Fear God in view of the ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 1)
Malek, appoint one who entertains God’s majesty in one’s heart and appreciates His esteem, it is appropriate to denigrate greatness of other than Him. … Verily, the meanest states of rulers in the sight of ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek in Selecting Officials
O, Malek, habituate your heart to mercy for the subjects and to affection and kindness for them. Don’t stand over them like greedy beasts who feel it is enough to devour them, since they are of two kinds, either your ...
The Leader’s Remarks in the Meeting with the Assembly of Experts (Part 3)
Governance jurisprudence and jurisprudence for development is quite different from the publically known micro jurisprudence. In other words, even though governance jurisprudence relies on ...
The Leader’s Remarks in the Meeting with the Assembly of Experts (Part 2)
The Leader remarked some points which act as the road map for Shiite jurisprudential seminaries in the new academic year. Furthermore, his calls on the glorious and profound current of jurisprudence is an implicit decree in line with ...
The Leader’s Remarks in the Meeting with the Assembly of Experts (Part 1)
The system of Velayat that includes the collection of decision-making bodies led by the leader must further proceed and make the necessary changes, since these changes are part of the tradition of human life and history. Of course, the enemies have ...
Building a system based on Velayat Faqih (Governance by a jurisprudent)
Political jurisprudence has a long record in Shiism. But there is something new which is formation of an establishment based on this type of jurisprudence that was accomplished by the late Imam. The first person to ...
The Rights of People to be Observed by the Rulers
Mohaqeq Nayeeni studies Islamic jurisprudence in contrast with the despotic government: Government is a trust in nature for applying power for the benefit of ...
Observing the Rights of People by Ruler in Islamic Jurisprudence System unlike Despotic System
Some have mistakenly claimed that ownership, rulership on possessions and vilayat is reigning on people. The difference is that in ownership the owner makes decisions to ...
Equality of Religious Leader with General Public unlike Despotic Ruler
The Islamic jurisprudent or leader is himself obligated to observe theological laws and enforce them in the Islamic society. He is not included in Qur’anic exception of ...
Public Supervision on Performance of Islamic Jurisprudent unlike Despotic Ruler (Part 2)
It is clear that the Islamic jurisprudent is not above law and supervision. The important point is this that the right of supervision on the Islamic leader by the people or Assembly of Experts does not come out of Islamic jurisprudence; rather, ...
Public Supervision on Performance of Islamic Jurisprudent unlike Despotic Ruler (Part 1)
The Islamic jurisprudent is not infallible and there is the possibility of sin or fault in him, so the public deserve the right to supervise his performance. The generality of the Islamic principle of ...
Legislations in Islamic Jurisprudence and Despotic Systems
In Islamic jurisprudence system, the jurist is the enforcer of the theological rules and regulations enacted by the Almighty God and passed by the Divine legislator. We also said that absolutism of Islamic jurisprudence is in the ...
Differences between a Monarchic and Islamic System of Government
Despotism is a totally unbridled system under personal despotic whims, but absolutism of Islamic jurisprudence means the Islamic jurisprudent possesses the same power of leadership of Islamic Ummah like the Prophet (PBUH). It is the ...
Islamic jurisprudence and the formation of Islamic government are among the most important precepts in Islam. It is prior to other Islamic precepts such as even praying and fasting. Some, however, have likened Islamic jurisprudence to ...
The need for the organs of the government stem from the fact that human beings are not satisfied with what they have. They may be selfish and aggressive. Therefore, the society needs laws. But mere good laws are not enough; we need ...
Fundamental Theories of Extra-Religious Approach
Extra-religious approach seeks to find out through rational analysis and deduction that what kind of government is required according to psychological realties and personal as well as social aspects of man’s life, without ...
Theocracy and Objectives of government in Islamic political system
While tolerating and respecting people and even those with opposing political and religious views, a theocracy provides guidance and seeks happiness of its people. Indifference and apathy towards values and ...
Determining Government’s Objectives Based on Extra-Religious Approach
In Extra-religious approach, the necessity of government, such as the social nature of human beings and contradiction of man’s needs and interests in communal life is explored on one hand, and on the other hand ...
Views of Hobbes and Machiavelli and Liberalism
It should be mentioned that the views of Hobbes and Machiavelli are in contrast with liberalism. Liberalist views are optimistic about man, but the views of Hobbes and Machiavelli are based on ...
In liberal democracy, all decisions are equal in the domain of values. The argument that certain “Good” are more ...
Liberal Democracy (Justice and Happiness)
This view is not indifferent towards the issue of justice, but has a particular interpretation of it. According to this view, justice is to ...
Liberal Democracy (Economy, Culture, Values)
The prevalent contemporary theory in the west is liberal democracy that advocates Minarchism (also called minimal statism). Liberals attach more importance to personal freedom in ...
Hobbes view and the Purpose of the Government
According to Thomas Hobbes, and some other philosophers , the main purpose of government is to maintain order and security even through ...
Views of Modern and Contemporary Western philosophers about the Government’s Duties (Machiavelli)
During the modern era other views emerged in contrast to the traditional and classic views. Among Western political theories that emerged after renaissance, there are two main views about the government’s duties, ...
Farabi’s Viewpoint on Happiness
Greek philosophers maintain that although city is established to fulfill the basic needs of life (mainly economic needs), its survival is meant for fulfilling a good life, that is, ...
Classic Theories of Happiness (Aristotle and Farabi)
In his “A History of Philosophy”, Copleston defines Aristotle’s theory about the purpose of government, saying that, “The State (and by State Aristotle is thinking of ...
Classic Theories of Happiness (Aristotle)
Aristotle believes that the government is obliged to provide grounds for the citizens’ ethical and spiritual growth in addition to providing their material needs, and the main and ultimate purpose of ...
Classic Theories of Happiness (Plato)
Classic philosophers such as Plato, Aristotle and Farabi believed that the purpose of government is to pursue goodness, virtue and happiness of people. They believe that in addition to maintaining order, security and ...
The Purpose of Government
Contemporary governments have vast capabilities to exercise control. Therefore they can play influential role in different economic, cultural, social and educational fields. Governments can influence thoughts, orientations, values, way of ...
The Concept of Theocracy
Theocracy is “a government that has accepted the authority of a particular religion in managing the society and the field of politics” . Therefore a Theocracy does not require people or rulers to be religious, rather, it means ...
Criteria of Rightful and Unlawful Leadership (Part 4)
Regarding the relationship between the leader and his followers, Imam Ali (A.S) addressing some of his executives saying: “I have heard something about you. If it is correct and ...
Criteria of Rightful and Unlawful Leadership (Part 3)
The core of rightful imamate and righteous leadership is to serve people and fulfill religious obligations, whereas the materialistic and despotic rulers tend to gain hegemony and their ultimate goal is materialism. “Do you expect me to ...
Criteria of Rightful and Unlawful Leadership (Part 2)
According to Imam Ali (A.S): “Know this for sure that the most merited person in view of God is the just Imam and leader who himself has been guided and who guides others. He is ...
Criteria of Rightful and Unlawful Leadership
According to Imam Ali (A.S) the legitimate Imam or the righteous leader is the enforcer of Allah’s order and he has ...
Poetry on the blessed birth of Imam Ali (A.S)
Heavenly purity bends to earth, To bless in the Kaba the blisful birth, Mourn the idols their fatal day; In this birth Islam ...
What the Holy Prophet of Islam (PBUH) Said About Imam Ali (A.S): Part 2
The Prophet (PBUH) said, No one can give account of me but Ali (A.S). Ibn Al-Maghazeli, 119, 242; Al-Riyadh Al-Nudhra, 2/177; Yanabi Al-Mawda, 112, 419; Al-Khawarizmi, 253. 22) The Prophet (PBUH) said, The most miserable person from ...
What the Holy Prophet of Islam (PBUH) Said About Imam Ali (A.S): Part 1
1) The Prophet (PBUH) said, The title of the believer’s book is ...
Ali’s Genealogy (Part 2)
Imam Ali’s dignified mother was Fatimah bint Asad ibn Hashim ibn `Abd-Manaf, a lady who undertook to rear the Messenger of Allah in his childhood, fondling him on her lap. She was among the first women who ...
Ali’s Genealogy (Part 1)
Beyond doubt, kinship with the Messenger of Allah is both a unique privilege and superiority over others. Hence, God considers the honor of kinship with the Holy Prophet (PBUH) as part of the honor of nearest relations when we read in the Holy Qur’an: ...
Ali’s Virtues at Creation and Birth
Ali (A.S) was born on 13th of Rajab, thirty years after the year of the Elephant in Kaba. This virtue belongs only to him, for no one was ever born in Kaba except him neither in the past nor in the future. The author of ...
Ali’s Virtues before His Birth
God almighty said to Abraham (A.S): As for Ishmael, I have heard you; behold, I will bless him and make him fruitful and multiply him exceedingly; he shall be the father of twelve princes, and I will make him a great nation! Beyond doubt, ...
Cleaver of Knowledge
O Jabir, you will live until you meet one of my descendants through (my grandson) Hussein, called Muhammad, who will cleave knowledge; when you meet him convey to him my greetings. (Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as quoted by ...
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