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7 صفر 1435 - Thursday, December 12, 2013
Emergence of Actions
Latent characteristics are not the only scale for God’s reward and punishment scales; an individual cannot be punished or rewarded for his latent characteristics as long as good or bad characteristics of man have not emerged, and these ...
God tests believers to purge them and purify their hearts from carnal desires. He says, “So that Allah might test what is ...
Distinguishing Evil from Good
One of the reasons for divine trials is to separate believers from hypocrites and the pious from the sullied. “Allah would not ...
Evolution of Man as a Reason for Divine Trial
Divine trial is an unchangeable and constant divine tradition. God tries all humans at all times. Therefore the prophets and divine authorities are not only exempted from this rule, their trial is harder. Because God ...
Based on what we have said in in previous sections it can be said that piety and truth seeking dominate Islam’s religious politics. Providing material welfare, dignity and freedom based on ...
Public Resources for the Destitute
In a letter to his governor in Mecca Qutham ibn Abbas, Imam Ali advices him to spend public resources for the destitute: “Beware of National Purse, spend its money on those who have numerous families, the hungry and the poor and destitute. If any ...
Supporting the Poor
Liberalism requires those who have dropped behind in the brutal completion of the free market be left alone. Spending the government’s budget or a portion of the income of other people for ...
Commanding Good and Prohibiting Evil
In the Islamic society everyone is responsible for promoting values and reforming and eliminating ethical vices. This collective duty which serves as a public supervision is called the principle of ...
Objectives of Enforcing Islamic Laws
According to this saying, Imam has been given the mission to enforce Islamic law and distribute resources justly in addition to guiding and directing the society. In another narration, ...
Enforcing Divine Laws and Fix Penalty (Hadd)
Another objective of the Islamic government is to enforce divine laws and fix penalty. Many Islamic laws need the backing of an executive power. Executing Islam’s criminal laws such as ...
Leading the Society towards Perfection
Imam Ali also says “Imam should teach faith and boundaries of Islam to people under his rule.” – And, “Supreme happiness is to make attempt to reform affairs of all and educate the public.” – Regarding the duties of the ruler, Imam Ali says, ...
As said earlier, the most important difference between the view of modern theoretician and Islam towards government is that the modern theories consider the issues of ...
Education is another objective of the theocracy. Qur’an says “[God] purified them [unlettered] and taught them the Book.” (Al-Jumu`ah: 2). Education and teaching education as well as ...
Islam has a moderate view towards freedom. According to Islamic principles, freedom is not the ultimate purpose and value. It is means for man to consciously move towards ultimate perfection because of his own accord. Based on ...
Development and Eradicating Poverty
Is providing the material needs of the society and managing people’s livelihood, particularly supporting the poor, among the duties of the government? Or a personal endeavor? The truth is that Islam attaches great importance to ...
Freedom and Liberalism
Therefore Islam has a moderate view towards freedom. According to Islamic principles, freedom is not the ultimate purpose and value. It is means for man to consciously move towards ...
Many modern theoreticians of the philosophy of politics believe that apart from security, freedom is the most important objective that a government must strive to achieve. According to this view freedom takes ...
Does End Justifies the Means?
The responsibility of learned men towards oppressed people of the society. According to Islam, responsible elite and scholars of the society have the responsibility of defending the rights of the oppressed in addition to ...
Imam Ali’s Words about Government’s Justice
Imam Ali says, “if people had not come to me and supporters had not exhausted the argument and if ...
Although Islam recognizes security as solidifier of all social activities, but the ideal of a theocracy is security along with justice. Sustainability of government and security also depends on ...
Security Issues in Previous Goverments
By giving people hope that the last divine Hojjat (proof) would establish the government of justice at the opportune time, they kept the thought of establishing a government based on truth, justice and ...
Enforcing Law in Islam
The ideal of a government is to pass and enforce laws in a just manner. But if this objective cannot be achieved for any reason, establishing a government to safeguard the security of the people and ...
Objectives of a Theocracy
Although Imam Reza’s remarks were made with regards to the rule of Innocent Imams, since theocracy in the Era of Occultation metalizes in the form of the rule of the Just Jurisprudence and ...
Muslims, however, disagree about the source of government’s legitimacy: some believe that the ruler is appointed by God. The other groups do not agree with this view but there are no ...
Tax system in Islam
Since Islam is the last religion, its tax systems are everlasting and in effect until doomsday. On the other hand, the establishment of a government by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the best proof of relation between religion and politics. In addition to ..
Duties of Theocracy from Religious Point of view
Carrying out Islam’s criminal laws such as fix punishment (Hadd), blood money (restitution) and Equal Retaliation (Qisas) and also the holy duty of Jihad (fighting with the enemies of Islam and defending Muslims’ lands and rights) is not possible ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 4)
I swear by God if I remain wakeful at night by standing on the prick of Saadan while my hands and feet have been shackled and pulled over the pricks and brushwood in the desert, I consider this act more favorable than ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 3)
Therefore, your best saving should be your meritorious deeds. Therefore, exercise control over your carnal desires and passions; resent what is not permissible and admissible for one’s self. Envy for this because ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 2)
Verily, people look at your works in the same way that you look at the functions of previous rulers; that which you say about they are told about you. Fear God in view of the ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek (Part 1)
Malek, appoint one who entertains God’s majesty in one’s heart and appreciates His esteem, it is appropriate to denigrate greatness of other than Him. … Verily, the meanest states of rulers in the sight of ...
Imam Ali’s Advice to Malek in Selecting Officials
O, Malek, habituate your heart to mercy for the subjects and to affection and kindness for them. Don’t stand over them like greedy beasts who feel it is enough to devour them, since they are of two kinds, either your ...
The Leader’s Remarks in the Meeting with the Assembly of Experts (Part 3)
Governance jurisprudence and jurisprudence for development is quite different from the publically known micro jurisprudence. In other words, even though governance jurisprudence relies on ...
The Leader’s Remarks in the Meeting with the Assembly of Experts (Part 2)
The Leader remarked some points which act as the road map for Shiite jurisprudential seminaries in the new academic year. Furthermore, his calls on the glorious and profound current of jurisprudence is an implicit decree in line with ...
The Leader’s Remarks in the Meeting with the Assembly of Experts (Part 1)
The system of Velayat that includes the collection of decision-making bodies led by the leader must further proceed and make the necessary changes, since these changes are part of the tradition of human life and history. Of course, the enemies have ...
Building a system based on Velayat Faqih (Governance by a jurisprudent)
Political jurisprudence has a long record in Shiism. But there is something new which is formation of an establishment based on this type of jurisprudence that was accomplished by the late Imam. The first person to ...
The Rights of People to be Observed by the Rulers
Mohaqeq Nayeeni studies Islamic jurisprudence in contrast with the despotic government: Government is a trust in nature for applying power for the benefit of ...
Observing the Rights of People by Ruler in Islamic Jurisprudence System unlike Despotic System
Some have mistakenly claimed that ownership, rulership on possessions and vilayat is reigning on people. The difference is that in ownership the owner makes decisions to ...
Equality of Religious Leader with General Public unlike Despotic Ruler
The Islamic jurisprudent or leader is himself obligated to observe theological laws and enforce them in the Islamic society. He is not included in Qur’anic exception of ...
Public Supervision on Performance of Islamic Jurisprudent unlike Despotic Ruler (Part 2)
It is clear that the Islamic jurisprudent is not above law and supervision. The important point is this that the right of supervision on the Islamic leader by the people or Assembly of Experts does not come out of Islamic jurisprudence; rather, ...
Public Supervision on Performance of Islamic Jurisprudent unlike Despotic Ruler (Part 1)
The Islamic jurisprudent is not infallible and there is the possibility of sin or fault in him, so the public deserve the right to supervise his performance. The generality of the Islamic principle of ...
Legislations in Islamic Jurisprudence and Despotic Systems
In Islamic jurisprudence system, the jurist is the enforcer of the theological rules and regulations enacted by the Almighty God and passed by the Divine legislator. We also said that absolutism of Islamic jurisprudence is in the ...
Differences between a Monarchic and Islamic System of Government
Despotism is a totally unbridled system under personal despotic whims, but absolutism of Islamic jurisprudence means the Islamic jurisprudent possesses the same power of leadership of Islamic Ummah like the Prophet (PBUH). It is the ...
Islamic jurisprudence and the formation of Islamic government are among the most important precepts in Islam. It is prior to other Islamic precepts such as even praying and fasting. Some, however, have likened Islamic jurisprudence to ...
The need for the organs of the government stem from the fact that human beings are not satisfied with what they have. They may be selfish and aggressive. Therefore, the society needs laws. But mere good laws are not enough; we need ...
Fundamental Theories of Extra-Religious Approach
Extra-religious approach seeks to find out through rational analysis and deduction that what kind of government is required according to psychological realties and personal as well as social aspects of man’s life, without ...
Theocracy and Objectives of government in Islamic political system
While tolerating and respecting people and even those with opposing political and religious views, a theocracy provides guidance and seeks happiness of its people. Indifference and apathy towards values and ...
Determining Government’s Objectives Based on Extra-Religious Approach
In Extra-religious approach, the necessity of government, such as the social nature of human beings and contradiction of man’s needs and interests in communal life is explored on one hand, and on the other hand ...
Views of Hobbes and Machiavelli and Liberalism
It should be mentioned that the views of Hobbes and Machiavelli are in contrast with liberalism. Liberalist views are optimistic about man, but the views of Hobbes and Machiavelli are based on ...
In liberal democracy, all decisions are equal in the domain of values. The argument that certain “Good” are more ...
Liberal Democracy (Justice and Happiness)
This view is not indifferent towards the issue of justice, but has a particular interpretation of it. According to this view, justice is to ...
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