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    • Alexandria
    • dria Alexandria, the shining pearl of the Mediterranean , and the beacon radiating its culture and heritage to the world at large The second largest city and the mainport of Egypt , Alexandria was built by the G...
    • Aleppo (Halab)
    • alab) Cradled in a bowl of dry hills in northern Syria, the city of Aleppo presents an austere facade to those entering her ancient gates. Halfway between the Euphrates and the coast, Aleppo's location made her ...
    • Republic of Albania
    • nia Geography Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea and Ionian Sea, between Greece and Serbia and Montenegro. Geographic coordinates: 41 00 N, 20 00 E Map references: Europe Are...
    • Al-Marrakushi ibn Al-Banna
    • nna (29 Dec 1256 in Marrakesh, Morocco- 1321 in Marrakesh) Ibn al-Banna is also known as Abu'l-Abbas Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Uthman al-Azdi. It is a little unclear whether al-Banna was born in the city of Marrakesh or whe...
    • Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn al-Khidr Al-Khujandi
    • ndi  (About 940 in Khudzhand, Tajikistan - 1000) Few facts about al-Khujandi's life are known. What little we know comes through his writings which have survived and also some comments made by Nasir al-din al-Tusi . F...
    • Ahmed ibn Yusuf al-Misri
    • sri (835 in Baghdad - 912 in Cairo, Egypt) Ahmed ibn Yusuf's father Yusuf ibn Ibrahim was also a mathematician. Yusuf ibn Ibrahim lived inBaghdad but moved to Damascus in about 839. After a little while he moved again, takin...
    • Al-Ishbili, Abu Muhammad Jabir ibn Aflah
    • lah (About 1100 in possibly Seville- about 1160) Jabir ibn Aflah is often known by the Latinised form of his name, namely Geber. Although not he was not in the first rank of Arabic mathematicians, he is important in the d...
    • Afghanistan
    • tan National name: Dowlat-e Eslami-ye Afghanestan President: Hamid Karzai (2002) Area: 250,000 sq mi (647,500 sq km) Population (2002 est.): 27,755,775 (growth rate: 2.4%); birth rate: 41.0/1000; infant mo...
    • Abu Zayd Hunayn ibn Ishaq al-Ibadi
    • adi (808 in al-Hirah - 873 in Baghdad) Hunayn ibn Ishaq is most famous as a translator. He was not a mathematician but trained in medicine and made his original contributions to the subject. Hunayn's father was Ishaq, a ...
    • Abu al Hasan Ahmad ibn Ibrahim Al-Uqlidisi
    • isi  (About 920 in possibly Damascus - about 980 in possibly Damascus) Al-Uqlidisi is a mathematician who is only known to us through two manuscripts on arithmetic, Kitab al-fusul fi al-hisab al-Hindi and Kitab al-h...
    • Abu Abdullah al-Battani
    • NI (868--929 A.D.) Abu Abdallah Muhammad Ibn Jabir Ibn Sinan al-Battani al-Harrani was born around 858 A.D. in Harran, called Carrhae in earlier times by the Romans, and according to one account, in Battan, a Stat...
    • Shiism(7):Eschatology
    • Man is Composed of Spirit and Body Those who are acquainted to a certain extent with the Islamic sciences know that within the teachings of the Holy Book and the traditions of the Prophet there are many references...
    • Shiism (6): ON the knowledge of the Prophet
    • A grain of wheat that is placed within the bosom of the earth under appropriate conditions begins to grow and enters upon a path of development in which at every moment it takes ...
    • Shiism(4):The Principles of Interpretation of the Quran
    • At the beginning of Islam it was commonly believed by some Sunnis that if there was sufficient reason one could ignore the outward meaning of Quranic verses and ascribe to them a contrary meaning. Usually the meaning which oppos...
    • Islam and Religious Pluralism
    • The history of the worlds religions is full of horrible tales of persecution and intolerance. Often times the religious opposition to ...
    • Science and Civilization in Islam
    • slam In the Name of God Most Merciful and Compassionate The Principles of Islam The history of science is often regarded today as the progressive accumulation of techniques and the refinement of quantitative...
    • Reflections on Islam and Modern Life
    • ife Seyyed Hussein Nasr, Al-Serat Vol. VI, No. 1 FEW subjects arouse more passion and debate among Muslims today than the encounter between Islam and modern thought. The subject is of course vast and embraces fields ranging f...
    • Islam and the Question of Violence
    • nce Seyyed Hussein Nasr, Al-Serat Vol. XIII, No. 2  Despite the presence of violence in many regions of the world ranging from Ireland to Lebanon to the Pacific Basin and involving many religions from Christianity to ...
    • ISLAM - WHAT DOES IT MEAN
    • N Towards Understanding Islam by Sayyid Abul A'la Maududi Translated and Edited by Khurshid Ahmed  ‘Islam’ is an Arabic word and connotes submission, surrender, and obedience. As a religion, Islam stands for complete ...
    • The Interior Life in Islam
    • lam "O thou soul which are at peace, return unto thy Lord, with gladness that is thine in Him and His in thee. Enter thou among My slaves. Enter thou My Paradise." (Quran - LXXXIX; 27-30  trans. by ...
    • Ismailism
    • The Ismailis constitute the second largest Shia community after the Twelvers in the Muslim world and are now scattered in more than twenty countries of Asia, Africa, Europe and America. "The origins of Sunnism and...
    • Tahdhib al-Ahkam and Al-Istibsar
    • tibsar' by Al-Tusi Dr. I. K. A. Howard Al-Serat, Vol. 2 (1976), No. 2 The Author Shaikh al-ta'ifa (the teacher of the community) Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. al-Hasan b. 'Ali b. al-Hasan al-Tusi was born in Tus in I...
    • Man la yahduruh al-Faqih
    • aqih' by Al-Saduq Dr. I. K. A. Howard Al-Serat, Vol. 2 (1976), No. 2 The Author Al-Shaikh al-Saduq is the title given to Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. 'Ali ibn Babawaih al Qummi. He was the leading traditionist of hi...
    • Al-Kafi
    • ost authoritative collections of Shi`ite hadiths The most famous and authoritative collections of Shi'ite hadiths are four  works which, in terms of their importance for Shi'ism, correspond to the Six Correct ...
    • Meaning of Hadith & Traditions
    • In works on Islam, the word "hadith" usually refers to the sayings or "traditions" which have been transmitted from the Prophet. Muslims hold these to be the most important source of Islamic teach...
    • Sayings of Jesus
    • esus Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God. Blessed are they which are p...
    • Ali ibn al-Husayn Zaynul-Abidin
    • idin (Peace be upon him) It is someone whose footsteps are known by every place And it is he who is known to the Bayt in Mecca the most frequented sanctuary; It is he who is the son of the best of all men of God and it i...
    • IMAM REZA( RIDHA)
    • DHA)  Imam Reza (A.S) – the eighth Imam of Shi'it, Muslims-was born on 11th Zee-al Qa`dah, 148A.H, in the city ofMedina. His first name was Ali, and Abu al-Hasan was his nickname. Reza was the holy title of ...
    • Peace on me the day I was born
    • (Quran 19:33) : And(remember) when the angels said: O Mary! Lo! Allah hath chosen thee and made thee pure, and hath preferred thee above (all) the women of creation ...
    • THE VERSE OF IMPRECATION
    • ION  (Mubahala) Allah says in Holy Qur'an, "Tell anyone who argues with you(Muhammad) concerning it, once knowledge has come to you:' Come, let us call our children and your children, our women and your ...
    • Karbala and the Imam Husayn in Persian
    • Husayn in Persian and Indo-Muslim literature Annemarie Schimmel I still remember the deep impression which the first Persian poem I ever read in connection with the tragic events ofKarbala' left on me. It was Qa'a...
    • Imam Muhammad At-Taqi (AS)
    • (AS) Name: Muhammad Title: At-Taqi and Al-Jawad Nickname: Abu Ja'far Born: Friday 10th of Rajab 195 A.H., at Medina Father's Name: Ali ibn Musa Mother's Name: Khaizaran Died: At the age of 25 years, at Kazim...
    • Imam Hassan’s Character
    • The researcher who examines the life of the Holy Prophet's grandson, Imam Hasan and his brother, Imam Hussein (a.s.), can't help drawing the conclusion that they enjoyed a high level of education and spiritu...
    • THE HIJRA CALENDAR
    • NDAR The Islamic calendar is reckoned from the time of migration (Hijra) of Prophet Mohammad (Peace Be upon Him) from Mecca to Madina. The Prophet's decision to migrate from Mecca came after several years of inhuman treatme...
    • Eid al-Ghadir
    • He calls them, (on) the day of Ghadir, their Prophet in Khumm so hear (and heed) the Messengers call, He said: Who is your guide and leader? (mawlakum wa waliyyukum)" They said, and there was ...
    • Fatima al- Masumeh
    • sumeh Fatima Masumah was born in the holy city of Medina on the First Day of the month of Dhu al-Qa'dah 173 A.H. His holy father was Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S.), the Seventh Holy Imam and Imam Reza (A.S.), the Eighth Holy Im...
    • Imam Muhammad Al Baqir
    • aqir Imam Muhammad al-Baqir was born at Medina on Tuesday, 3rd Safar, 57 A.H. His mother was the daughter of Imam Hasan. Thus Imam Muhammad al-Baqir combined in himself the families of Imam Hasan and Imam Husayn....